Maghreb

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Maghreb

or

Magrib

(both: mä`grĭb) [Arab.,=the West], Arabic term for NW Africa. It is generally applied to all of MoroccoMorocco
, officially Kingdom of Morocco, kingdom (2005 est. pop. 32,726,000), 171,834 sq mi (445,050 sq km), NW Africa. Morocco is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (N), the Atlantic Ocean (W), Western Sahara (S), and Algeria (S and E).
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, AlgeriaAlgeria
, Arab. Al Djazair, Fr. Algérie, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic (2005 est. pop. 32,532,000), 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa, bordering on Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco in the west, on the
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, and TunisiaTunisia
, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (2005 est. pop. 10,075,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. Occupying the eastern portion of the great bulge of North Africa, Tunisia is bounded on the west by Algeria, on the north and east by the
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 but actually pertains only to the area of the three countries between the high ranges of the Atlas Mts. and the Mediterranean Sea. Some writers also included Spain—especially during its period of Muslim domination—in the definition. Isolated from the rest of the continent by the Atlas Mts. and the Sahara, the Maghreb is more closely related in terms of climate, landforms, population, economy, and history to N Mediterranean areas than to the rest of Africa. The region was united politically only during the first years of Arab rule (early 8th cent.), and again under the Almohads (1159–1229). The Arab Maghreb Union was established in 1989 to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of N Africa; its members are Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. Envisioned initially by Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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 as an Arab superstate, the organization is expected eventually to function as a N African common market, although economic and political unrest, especially in Algeria, and political tensions between Algeria and Morocco over Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2005 est. pop. 273,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
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 have hindered progress on the union's joint goals.

Maghreb

, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya
References in periodicals archive ?
Needless to say, Ben Jelloun is unquestionably one of the most significant and successful Maghrebi authors writing in French today.
This subtle but significant encroachment of a traditional Maghrebi past into Laura's modern Franco-Jewish identity is achieved through a cinematic imaginative geography.
Maghrebi people (Algeria) in particular, and possibly the Arabs in general, tend to view themselves as the victims of most of the wars that have been launched during the recent decades.
This critical interest in Maghrebi cinema parallels burgeoning film festivals across the Middle East and North Africa, where Maghrebi cinema is often featured, including those in Doha, Dubai, Marrakech, and Tunis (Doc a Tunis; Carthage).
Starring Maysa Al Maghrebi, the series also features prominent actors such as Ibrahim Al Harbi, Ibrahim Al Zadjali, Shihab Jawhar, Amira Mohammed, Shatha Sabt, Mariam Al Ghamedi and singer Laila Iskandar.
Fabius reached out to Maghrebi leaders to reassure them of the policies that would be implemented should Mr.
They threw stones towards the Maghrebi Gate and police went onto the plaza," police spokeswoman Luba Samri told AFP, referring to the only entrance to the compound which can be used by non-Muslims.
Iran is the main supporter of Syria and its regime," said Mohamed Maghrebi, a Syrian living in Bahrain.
Three Dutch boys of Maghrebi origin travel by car from the Low Countries to Morocco in "Rabat," a road movie that gently moves from cliches to more nuanced characterization.
Installed in a public courtyard, the work featured graffiti, a sound system blasting Maghrebi hip-hop, and twenty-three mannequins dressed as two soccer teams and a referee, all of them clad in T-shirts printed with language ranging from found texts (recipes, popular jokes, and tender love poems) to a monologue recounting a young woman's experience of brutal rape during the Algerian civil war.
Among his topics are contagion as metaphor in Iberian Christian scholarship, situating scholastic contagion between miasma and the evil eye, contagion between Islamic law and theology, and early modern Maghrebi plague treatises.
Tiberian Judeo-Arabic exhibits some Maghrebi influence on stress position--for example, ilna 'we said', rather than ilna; farihnd 'we were happy', rather than furihna: ihnalhna 'we', rather than ihna; and more.