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, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya



(Maghreb; Arabic, “west”), a region in Africa, composed of Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco (the Maghrib proper) and also Libya, Mauritania, and the territory of Western Sahara, which together form the Great Maghrib (as opposed to the Arab east, the Mashriq). In the Middle Ages, Muslim Spain (Andalusia) and other possessions of the former Arab Caliphate in the western Mediterranean (the Balearic Islands, Sardinia, and Sicily) were also considered part of the Maghrib. Along with the Arabic literary language, Arabic dialects are widespread in the Maghrib, including the Hasania dialect (in Mauritania and the Western Sahara), Berber dialects, and the so-called Maltese language (with a writing system based on the Latin alphabet).

After Morocco and Tunisia achieved independence (1956), the king of Morocco, Muhammad V, and the prime minister of Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba, proposed the idea of creating a regional association, the Great Arab Maghrib. Conferences held in Tangier (1958) and Rabat (1963) studied the problem of unification. In 1964 the Maghrib Permanent Consultative Committee, which included the ministers of the economy of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, was established. From 1964 to 1968, branch commissions were established under the auspices of the committee, and a number of agreements on cooperation of the Maghrib countries in various economic spheres were signed. Mauritania has been participating in the committee (as an ob-server) since 1970. Libya left all of the regional organizations of the Maghrib in 1970.

References in periodicals archive ?
A Roads and Transport Authority (RTA) spokesperson told Gulf News that worshippers will not get fines for parking around the mosque for 45 minutes after the time of iftar, which coincides with Maghrib Azaan.
Worshippers have 10 minutes to break their fast after the call for prayer, before the Maghrib prayer starts.
9 June 2010 - Morocco state-owned postal services operator Barid al Maghrib yesterday opened a bank subsidiary in a bid to expand banking services in the country where account holders make some 47% of the population, Reuters reports.
Architecture and History offers the reader a largely Western description of the medina as a spatial, literary, and historical entity with its own unfolding process within a colonial and postcolonial Maghrib context.
The Maghrib is now witnessing the unfolding of Islamist discursive and political strategy.
ISLAMABAD -- Imam-e-Kaaba (Grand Holy Mosque of Makkah) Dr Saleh Bin Mohammad Al Talib will lead the Maghrib and Isha prayers in Faisal Mosque, Islamabad on Sunday.
A local newspaper quoted Mufti Jameel ur Rehman Farooqui, a member of the committee, as saying there was a difference of eight minutes between the call for prayer by Barelvis and Deobandis and Ahle Tashi (Shiite) at Maghrib.
He discusses the concept of hijra (migration) in medieval Iberia and the Maghrib; the status of the mudejar religious leadership according to Maliki law; life, family, and property in the abode of war; and European rule in the 19th-century Maghrib and the reception of Reconquista-era law.
Al Maghrib et Achourouk on-line, rapportent ce matin, que le frere du conseiller a la presidence de la Republique Imed Daimi (membre du CPR), a pu s'adjuger l'offre du ministre de la femme, pour un centre qui recueillerait les femmes battues.
DOHA LIKE Muslims from various countries especially from the Arab world, Indonesians too break their fast after the call for Maghrib prayer with dates and water or tea during the Holy Month of Ramadan.