Maghreb

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Maghreb

or

Magrib

(both: mä`grĭb) [Arab.,=the West], Arabic term for NW Africa. It is generally applied to all of MoroccoMorocco
, officially Kingdom of Morocco, kingdom (2015 est. pop. 34,803,000), 171,834 sq mi (445,050 sq km), NW Africa. Morocco is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (N), the Atlantic Ocean (W), Western Sahara (S), and Algeria (S and E).
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, AlgeriaAlgeria
, Arab. Al Djazair, Fr. Algérie, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic (2015 est. pop. 39,872,000), 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa, bordering on Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco in the west, on the
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, and TunisiaTunisia
, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (2015 est. pop. 11,274,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. Occupying the eastern portion of the great bulge of North Africa, Tunisia is bounded on the west by Algeria, on the north and east by the
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 but actually pertains only to the area of the three countries between the high ranges of the Atlas Mts. and the Mediterranean Sea. Some writers also included Spain—especially during its period of Muslim domination—in the definition. Isolated from the rest of the continent by the Atlas Mts. and the Sahara, the Maghreb is more closely related in terms of climate, landforms, population, economy, and history to N Mediterranean areas than to the rest of Africa. The region was united politically only during the first years of Arab rule (early 8th cent.), and again under the Almohads (1159–1229). The Arab Maghreb Union was established in 1989 to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of N Africa; its members are Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. Envisioned initially by Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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 as an Arab superstate, the organization is expected eventually to function as a N African common market, although economic and political unrest, especially in Algeria, and political tensions between Algeria and Morocco over Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2015 est. pop. 526,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
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 have hindered progress on the union's joint goals.

Maghreb

, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya
References in periodicals archive ?
It's like a movie theatre," said Abu Hourraira Al Maghribi, a 23-year-old with a shaved head who wore an Adidas hoodie when he met with reporters in prison.
Speaking at the opening of the Research Center for Islamic Legislation and Ethics (CILE) Second Annual International Conference at the Georgetown University Qatar on Saturday, Maghribi underscored water scarcity as among the most serious environmental threats in the region, which ironically has some countries having among the highest per capita water consumption in the world.
1993), 'Contract enforceability and economic institutions in early trade: the Maghribi traders' coalition', American Economic Review, 94(3).
The style of the script is notable in the way the letters combine the angularity of kufic calligraphy with the exaggerated, rounded terminal forms found in Maghribi calligraphy.
The Moroccan official also called for the creation of a Regional Guarantee Fund which will enable it to support the Maghribi investment and trade Bank (BMIC).
It is attended by specialists from Arab and Maghribi countries as well as European, Japanese and Us guests.
Ulema-i-Islam Maghribi Pakistan, 5) The only other exception, however, was Maulana Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi, a Muslim League leader elected to the Punjab Assembly in the 1946 elections on AIML ticket, and Sunni by sect.
During its clearing operations, Israel demolished the Maghribi Quarter adjacent to the Western Wall, destroyed the al-Buraq Mosque and the Tomb of the Sheikh al-Afdhaliyyah, and displaced about 175 Arab families.
The sparse and scattered literature relating directly and indirectly to the old Maghribi qasba [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (2) of Tangier shares a tacit consensus rooted mostly in an empirical sense of the town's texture--the location of the fortress (and of its precursors, from the Umayyad period to the Portuguese occupation in 1471) is simply assumed to have matched that of the subsequent sixteenth-century Portuguese angle-bastion citadel severely damaged by English sappers in late 1683-early 1684.
Besides several popular Arabic scripts, including jalli diwani, thuluth, qotbi, maghribi kofic, naskhi, taAEliq, the one rupee note, issued by India for the Gulf countries in 1959, is also on display at the exhibition.
She does however put this into the larger perspective of Maghribi history, as the fate of the local Ibadis are intricately linked to that of the Ibadi state outside.
Reputation and Coalitions in Medieval Trade: Evidence on the Maghribi Traders.