Behavior and evolution of periodical cicadas (Magicicada
In just about any year, one of the 15 numbered Magicicada
broods emerges somewhere.
Members of Magicicada
, the genus that includes cicadas with both 13-year and 17-year lifecycles, pop up when the soil temperature about 8 inches down is consistently above 63 degrees Fahrenheit.
One species of periodical cicada, Magicicada
tredecassini, was heard during the survey.
His lifecycle mimicked that of an insect that he, as it happens, was the first to tell me about, as we listened to its buzz in the High Sierra: the North American cicada, genus Magicicada
, which hatches out every seventeen years.
Temperature responses of the periodical "17-year" cicada, Magicicada
cassini (Homoptera, Cicadidae).
Periodical cicadas (Magicicada
spp.) are root parasites that feed on the xylem fluids of various hardwood trees for 13 or 17 y (depending upon the cicada species) and then emerge from the soil to use the tree canopies for mating,oviposition, and also additional feeding (Marlatt, 1907; White and Strehl, 1978; Williams and Simon, 1995).
Periodical cicadas in particular, appropriately named Magicicada
, spend either 13 or 17 years (depending on the species) feeding, before "magically" appearing above ground.
Hemiptera Cicadidae Magicicada
Hemiptera Cicadidae Tibicen Hemiptera Cixiidae Bothriocera Hemiptera Cixiidae Oliarus Hemiptera Cixiidae Unident.
Periodical cicada (Magicicada
septendecim (L.)) females oviposit in twigs in the forest canopy, and newly hatched nymphs fall to the ground, where they spend 17 years feeding on tree roots.
septendecium (Linnaeus) (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) (Hoback et al.
That's because it was less than 2 years ago that they experienced Brood X of Magicicada
septendecimthe, the cicada species that emerges every 17 years.