a Mesolithic settlement near the city of Mullerup in Denmark. Archaeological excavations conducted at the beginning of the 20th century by the Danish scholar G. Saraw in a bog uncovered various remains. These included the bones of aurochs, red deer, elks, birds, fish, and the domestic dog and various implements made of flint (microliths, axes) and antler and bone (harpoons, arrowheads). The Mesolithic culture that has become known as Maglemosian (after the site) was widespread in Great Britain, Denmark, the northern part of the Federal Republic of Germany, the northern part of the German Democratic Republic, and southern and central Sweden and Norway. The culture primarily dates from the seventh to fifth millennia B.C. The population lived in small, primitive communes and engaged in hunting, fishing, and gathering. The working of bone, antler, and wood was well developed; dugout canoes and oars have been found.
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Dolukhanov, P. M. Istoriia Baltiki. Moscow, 1969.
Clark, G. World Prehistory, 2nd ed. Cambridge, 1969.