Magna Graecia

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Magna Graecia

(măg`nə grē`shə) [Lat.,=great Greece], Greek colonies of S Italy. The Greek overseas expansion of the 8th cent. B.C. founded a number of towns that became the centers of a new, thriving Greek territory. They were on both coasts from the Bay of Naples and the Gulf of Taranto southward. Unlike Greek Sicily, Magna Graecia began to decline by 500 B.C., probably because of malaria and endless warfare among the colonies. Only Tarentum (now Taranto) and Cumae remained individually very significant. Magna Graecia was the center of two philosophical groups in the 6th cent. B.C., that of Parmenides at Elea and that of Pythagoras at Crotona. Through Cumae especially, the Etruscans of Capua and the Romans came into early contact with Greek civilization. The following are the chief cities of Magna Graecia (those colonized from Greece, except Thurii and Elea, go back to the 8th or early 7th cent. B.C.; those colonized locally are perhaps a century younger)—on the east coast from north to south, Tarentum (colonized from Sparta), Metapontum (from Achaea), Heraclea (from Tarentum), Siris (from Colophon), Sybaris (from Achaea), Thurii (from Athens, replacing Sybaris), Crotona (from Achaea), Caulonia (from Crotona), Epizephyrian Locris (from Locris); on the west coast from north to south, Cumae (from Chalcis), Neapolis (now Naples; from Cumae), Paestum, or Posidonia (from Sybaris), Elea (from Phocaea in Ionia), Laos (from Sybaris), Hipponium (from Epizephyrian Locris), and Rhegium (now Reggio de Calabria; from Chalcis).

Bibliography

See D. Randall-MacIver, Greek Cities of Italy and Sicily (1931); T. J. Dunbabin, The Western Greeks (1948); A. G. Woodhead, The Greeks in the West (1962).

Magna Graecia

(in the ancient world) S Italy, where numerous colonies were founded by Greek cities
References in periodicals archive ?
Gia nella sezione Dalla Sicilia, in Il falso e vero verde, Quasimodo attraversava i resti della Magna Grecia ("Il telamone e qui, a due passi/ dall'Ade (mormorio afoso, immobile),/ disteso nel giardino di Zeus [.
Es de sobra conocido el lujo y la tendencia al exceso de algunas poleis de la Magna Grecia (40).
Tras el infortunio, continua el neoplatonico, los sobrevivientes emigraron hacia Magna Grecia, y el gobierno que habian instaurado en Jonia quedo totalmente deshecho.
Antica sede della Magna Grecia, il Salento serba intatti i profumi e i colori di una terra, in cui spesso il rifugio dei protagonisti coincide con un ritomo alle origini, a un nucleo di affetti familiari e di solidarieta amicale, perche nella dispersione delle vicende contemporanee possa rimanere vivo un senso di appartenenza ad una precisa razza.
Durante el siglo V, y antes incluso, existieron en el mundo helenico numerosas escuelas medicas, siendo las mas renombradas las de Cos, de Cnido, de Rodas, la de Cirene, influenciada por la cultura mesopotamica y egipcia y probablemente la mas antigua, y la de Crotona en la Magna Grecia, en la que se inicia una medicina experimental.
Estas impresiones forman parte de la serie que el fotografo siciliano realizo en 1984 para la Editorial Novecento, que ese ano le habia dado un premio a Borges y lo habia invitado a recorrer varios lugares de la Sicilia occidental, entre ellos el Valle de los Templos en Agrigento, donde perviven las edificaciones mejor conservadas de la Magna Grecia, y Selinunte.
De todas las ciudades de la Grecia peninsular, de la Magna Grecia y del Asia helenica, acudieron a ella para instruirse multitud de estudiosos de uno y otro sexo y de todas las edades y condiciones sociales.
But although the catalogue is far too large to serve as a textbook, many students are going to be grateful for the efforts made here to reflect the diversity and vigour of Magna Grecia studies in Italy and elsewhere.
Por ultimo, y no contento con actuar en la zona tradicional de influencia siracusana, exportara las medidas antes citadas a Magna Grecia, para evitar que sus detractores reciban ayuda del otro lado del mar.
Its Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia (Pi-azzde Nava 26; tel 0039 0965 812255; open Tues-Sun 9am-7.
Adentrandose en los abismos de la Magna Grecia, Herrasti compone una hermosa meditacion sobre las relaciones entre el poder y el saber a partir de la vida del retorico Gorgias.
El paisaje de la antigua Magna Grecia lo emociono vivamente, ya que en esa epoca se pensaba que muchas de las peripecias de Ulises habian ocurrido en Sicilia y la region adyacente.