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a family of dicotyledonous plants, including evergreen or deciduous trees and, rarely, shrubs. The stipulate leaves are alternate, entire or less frequently lobed. The flowers, which are usually terminal and sometimes axillary, are generally bisexual. The cyclic perianth is three-to six-parted. There are numerous free stamens. The fruit is an acyclic multiple fruit or, less frequently, a multiple nut, capsule, or berry. There are 12 genera, comprising approximately 220 species, distributed in East and Southeast Asia, southeastern North America, Central America, the West Indies, and northern South America. One species, of the genus Magnolia, grows in the USSR in the Kuril Islands. Approximately 20 species are grown in southern regions of the USSR as ornamentals; some magnolias and tulip trees are particularly valuable.
REFERENCESMatinian, A. B. Ku’tura magnolievykh v SSSR. Moscow, 1956.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema ifilogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Dandy, J. E. “Magnoliaceae.” In J. Hutchinson, The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 1. Oxford, 1964.