Magnus, Rudolf

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Magnus, Rudolf


Born Sept. 2, 1873, in Braunschweig, Germany; died July 25, 1927, in Pontresina, Switzerland. Dutch physiologist and pharmacologist (of German origin).

Magnus graduated from the University of Heidelberg in 1898. In 1908 he became head of the pharmacology department and laboratory at the University of Utrecht (Netherlands). His work dealt with muscular and intestinal innervation and with the physiology of the skeletomotor reflexes. Developing the research of I. M. Sechenov on the inherent sensitivity of muscles (“dark muscle sense”), Magnus discovered and studied thoroughly the special group of postural, or righting, reflexes (the Magnus-de Kleijn tonic reflexes), which ensure the maintenance of body posture and balance. He also described several of the righting reflexes, as well as other reflexes that ensure normal stance and gait in animals.


In Russian translation:
Ustanovka tela. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.


“Raboty R. Magnusa i ego laboratoriia v Utrekhte.” In A. F. Samoilov, Izbrannye stat’i i rechi. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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