Maghreb

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Maghreb

or

Magrib

(both: mä`grĭb) [Arab.,=the West], Arabic term for NW Africa. It is generally applied to all of MoroccoMorocco
, officially Kingdom of Morocco, kingdom (2015 est. pop. 34,803,000), 171,834 sq mi (445,050 sq km), NW Africa. Morocco is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (N), the Atlantic Ocean (W), Western Sahara (S), and Algeria (S and E).
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, AlgeriaAlgeria
, Arab. Al Djazair, Fr. Algérie, officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, republic (2015 est. pop. 39,872,000), 919,590 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km), NW Africa, bordering on Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco in the west, on the
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, and TunisiaTunisia
, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (2015 est. pop. 11,274,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa. Occupying the eastern portion of the great bulge of North Africa, Tunisia is bounded on the west by Algeria, on the north and east by the
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 but actually pertains only to the area of the three countries between the high ranges of the Atlas Mts. and the Mediterranean Sea. Some writers also included Spain—especially during its period of Muslim domination—in the definition. Isolated from the rest of the continent by the Atlas Mts. and the Sahara, the Maghreb is more closely related in terms of climate, landforms, population, economy, and history to N Mediterranean areas than to the rest of Africa. The region was united politically only during the first years of Arab rule (early 8th cent.), and again under the Almohads (1159–1229). The Arab Maghreb Union was established in 1989 to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of N Africa; its members are Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. Envisioned initially by Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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 as an Arab superstate, the organization is expected eventually to function as a N African common market, although economic and political unrest, especially in Algeria, and political tensions between Algeria and Morocco over Western SaharaWestern Sahara,
territory (2015 est. pop. 526,000), 102,703 sq mi (266,000 sq km), NW Africa, occupied by Morocco. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Morocco in the north, on Algeria in the northeast, and on Mauritania in the east and south.
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 have hindered progress on the union's joint goals.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Maghreb

, Maghrib
NW Africa, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and sometimes Libya
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ruy Perez de Viedma intenta salvar del olvido ciertos aspectos de la presencia musulmana en el Magreb que se conectan con su origen peninsular, ofreciendo un fragmento de una memoria comun con objeto de construir un futuro de tolerancia y concordia al que desgraciadamente sera necesario renunciar.
Otra tipologia de MENA son los originarios del Magreb, que si bien inicialmente son captados por redes de trafico para su traslado, no se constata que sean objeto de trata antes durante lo que no les exime que en destino y por las precarias condiciones de vida, acaben corriendo el riesgo de ser objeto de explotacion laboral e incluso sexual.
What cannot be seen in the slogans of warriors throughout the Middle East, extending from the Mashreq to the Magreb, are the common humanitarian values and principles that they have to abide by in the post-conflict period.
La produccion literaria en espanol del noroeste africano se desarrolla con fuerza a partir de los anos 1990 en torno a dos espacios geograficos, el Magreb y el Sahara, entre los cuales existe una proximidad cultural, historica y geografica.
The GIA and its splinter groups recently announced that they had merged and changed their name to Al Qaida in the Magreb, vowing allegiance to the pan-Islamic group.
Fighters affiliated with al Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb, or AQIM, also expanded across the region following the fall of Libyan autocrat Moammar Gadhafi in 2011.
(Enfance Magreb Avenir) association, which works to provide educational support for young disadvantaged people.
Ham claimed Africa's three largest Islamist terrorist groups, Boko Haram in Nigeria, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Magreb (AQIM), which is spread across the Sahara, and Al Shabab in Somalia, have been sharing money and explosive materials while training fighters together.