Mahathir bin Mohamad

(redirected from Mahathir)

Mahathir bin Mohamad

(mähä`tĭr bĭn mōhäm`äd), 1925–, Malaysian political leader. A doctor by training, he first entered parliament in 1964 and rose in the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), but lost his seat and was expelled from UMNO in 1969 after criticizing Prime Minister Tunku Abdul RahmanAbdul Rahman, Tunku,
, 1903–90, Malaysian political leader. A prince (tunku), he was the fifth son of Sultan Abdul Halim Shah of Kedah and was educated in England at Cambridge. Abdul Rahman entered the Kedah state civil service in 1931.
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. Subsequently readmitted into UMNO, he was reelected to parliament in 1974 and held several ministerial posts in the 1970s, including deputy prime minister beginning in 1976. Prime minister of the UMNO-led National Front coalition government after 1981, Mahathir sought to make Malaysia an industrial nation and develop Malay businesses, and promoted nonindividualistic "Asian values" while often denouncing the West. Although Malaysia made enormous and rapid economic progress under Mahathir, political stability was maintained by not tolerating dissent and restricting political freedoms, and his government was denounced for human-rights abuses. He retired as prime minister in 2003 and was succeeded by Abdullah Ahmad BadawiAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
, 1939–, Malaysian government official and politician. A graduate of the Univ. of Malaya (B.A. 1964) and the son of a prominent politician, he held a series of civil service posts, including deputy secretary general (1974–78) in the ministry of
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. Out of office he continued to be outspoken and has been critical of the Malaysian government. In 2008–9 he resigned from the UMNO in protest against his successor's leadership, and he resigned again in 2016 in protest against the party's support for Najib RazakNajib Razak
or Najib Tun Razak
, 1958–, Malaysian politician. A Malay, he is a member of a prominent political family, the son of Malaysia's second prime minister, Abdul Razak, and the nephew of its third, Hussein Onn.
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. He became the leader of the Malaysian United Indigenous party, and in the 2018 elections led the opposition Coalition of Hope to a majority and became prime minister. Mahathir defended his record in his 2011 memoir, A Doctor in the House.


See biography by B. Wain (2010); study by I. Stewart (2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
Chin Huat Wong | NYT SYNDICATE PENANG, Malaysia Facing a tricky general election later this year, on January 7 the political opposition in Malaysia named its candidate to head the government: Mahathir Mohamad, who was the country's prime minister from 1981 to 2003.
KUALA LUMPUR: Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on Thursday announced plans for a new party that would join an opposition alliance in a bid to oust the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition led by scandal-tainted Prime Minister Najib Razak.
Unlike Tun Mahathir, who relies on assumptions, 1MDB prefers to deal in facts.
Kuala Lumpur: Four years after leading a charge to oust Malaysia's previous prime minister, authoritarian ex-leader Mahathir Mohamad is making his sizeable influence felt again as a close election looms.
Malaysian Maverick: Mahathir Mohamad in Turbulent Times, second edition.
It manages to focus on the personal, even heart-warming sides of Mahathir Mohamad, the family man, but ends up as a powerful treatise on Malaysian politics.
Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad's autobiograhpy debuted Tuesday, with his hope it will dispel the notion he was a ''dictator'' during his 22 years at the top.
This insightful biography recounts the political journey of Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysia's extremely controversial prime minister who served from 1981 to 2003.
It must be a sign of the utter official confusion over the facts of Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad's life and the fictions dogging his reputation that the sale of Barry Wain's book has been held over in Malaysia by the censors of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Mahathir Mohamad, who handpicked Abdullah as his successor in 2003, insisted that he would not return to the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) until the premier left, adding to political uncertainty that could roil financial markets.
Mohammed Mahathir illustrates the pitfalls of authoritarian rule.
Bruce Cleghorn left the event when former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad gave a speech the senior diplomat said contained "abuse and misrepresentation".