Mahathir bin Mohamad

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Mahathir bin Mohamad

(mähä`tĭr bĭn mōhäm`äd), 1925–, Malaysian political leader. A doctor by training, he first entered parliament in 1964 and rose in the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), but lost his seat and was expelled from UMNO in 1969 after criticizing Prime Minister Tunku Abdul RahmanAbdul Rahman, Tunku,
, 1903–90, Malaysian political leader. A prince (tunku), he was the fifth son of Sultan Abdul Halim Shah of Kedah and was educated in England at Cambridge. Abdul Rahman entered the Kedah state civil service in 1931.
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. Subsequently readmitted into UMNO, he was reelected to parliament in 1974 and held several ministerial posts in the 1970s, including deputy prime minister beginning in 1976. Prime minister of the UMNO-led National Front coalition government after 1981, Mahathir sought to make Malaysia an industrial nation and develop Malay businesses, and promoted nonindividualistic "Asian values" while often denouncing the West. Although Malaysia made enormous and rapid economic progress under Mahathir, political stability was maintained by not tolerating dissent and restricting political freedoms, and his government was denounced for human-rights abuses. He retired as prime minister in 2003 and was succeeded by Abdullah Ahmad BadawiAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
, 1939–, Malaysian government official and politician. A graduate of the Univ. of Malaya (B.A. 1964) and the son of a prominent politician, he held a series of civil service posts, including deputy secretary general (1974–78) in the ministry of
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. Out of office he continued to be outspoken and has been critical of the Malaysian government. In 2008–9 he resigned from the UMNO in protest against his successor's leadership, and he resigned again in 2016 in protest against the party's support for Najib RazakNajib Razak
or Najib Tun Razak
, 1958–, Malaysian politician. A Malay, he is a member of a prominent political family, the son of Malaysia's second prime minister, Abdul Razak, and the nephew of its third, Hussein Onn.
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. He became the leader of the Malaysian United Indigenous party, and in the 2018 elections led the opposition Coalition of Hope to a majority and became prime minister. Tensions within the coalition led to its collapse in early 2020, and Mahathir resigned as prime minister. After Muhyiddin Yassin succeeded him as party leader and prime minister, Mahathir, who denounced the move, was expelled from the party. Mahathir defended his record in his 2011 memoir, A Doctor in the House.

Bibliography

See biography by B. Wain (2010); study by I. Stewart (2003).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Mohamad accompanied the Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad in an official visit to Ankara and Istanbul last week.
Stating that trade between Pakistan and Malaysia will increase, Mahathir Mohamad said, "We need to identify what you can sell to us and what we can sell to you.
Addressing a joint news conference with his Malaysian counterpart Dr Mahathir Mohamad in Kuala Lumpur on Wednesday morning, Prime Minister Imran Khan said Pakistan wants to learn from Malaysia's experience of turning around economy, trade, and development in other sectors.
Summary: Kuala Lumpur [Malaysia], May 10 (ANI): Pakatan Harapan chairperson and Malaysia's former premier Mahathir Mohamad is all set to be sworn-in as the seventh Prime Minister of Malaysia today.
Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad today said he has 'lots of other things to do' and declined further comment on the public quarrel between a member of his Cabinet Datuk Seri Azmin Ali and the next designated Pakatan Harapan (PH) prime minister Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim.
ISLAMABAD -- Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad will arrive in Islamabad on March 22, to grace the Pakistan Day celebrations as chief guest, media reported on Thursday.
KUALA LUMPUR -- Prime Minister Imran Khan met his Malaysian counterpart, Dr Mahathir Mohamad, as both the countries signed agreements to enhance cooperation in diverse fields.
Summary: Kuala Lumpur [Malaysia], May 10 (ANI): Malaysian newly re-elected Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad is set to meet Malaysian King Muhammad V of Kelantan on Thursday to hold talks on forming a new government.
The Iskandar Puteri MP said he fully backed the suggestion by PPBM's chairman and Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.
Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad today wished his beloved wife Tun Dr Siti Hasmah Mohd Ali a very happy 93rd birthday.
Mahathir Mohamad on assumption of office as Prime Minister of Malaysia.
The usually sober atmosphere in Parliament lightened up briefly today as suited journalists broke out in song to celebrate the 94th birthday of Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.

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