Mahathir bin Mohamad

(redirected from Mahathir bin Mohammad)

Mahathir bin Mohamad

(mähä`tĭr bĭn mōhäm`äd), 1925–, Malaysian political leader. A doctor by training, he first entered parliament in 1964 and rose in the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), but lost his seat and was expelled from UMNO in 1969 after criticizing Prime Minister Tunku Abdul RahmanAbdul Rahman, Tunku,
, 1903–90, Malaysian political leader. A prince (tunku), he was the fifth son of Sultan Abdul Halim Shah of Kedah and was educated in England at Cambridge. Abdul Rahman entered the Kedah state civil service in 1931.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Subsequently readmitted into UMNO, he was reelected to parliament in 1974 and held several ministerial posts in the 1970s, including deputy prime minister beginning in 1976. Prime minister of the UMNO-led National Front coalition government after 1981, Mahathir sought to make Malaysia an industrial nation and develop Malay businesses, and promoted nonindividualistic "Asian values" while often denouncing the West. Although Malaysia made enormous and rapid economic progress under Mahathir, political stability was maintained by not tolerating dissent and restricting political freedoms, and his government was denounced for human-rights abuses. He retired as prime minister in 2003 and was succeeded by Abdullah Ahmad BadawiAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
, 1939–, Malaysian government official and politician. A graduate of the Univ. of Malaya (B.A. 1964) and the son of a prominent politician, he held a series of civil service posts, including deputy secretary general (1974–78) in the ministry of
..... Click the link for more information.
. Out of office he continued to be outspoken and has been critical of the Malaysian government. In 2008–9 he resigned from the UMNO in protest against his successor's leadership, and he resigned again in 2016 in protest against the party's support for Najib RazakNajib Razak
or Najib Tun Razak
, 1958–, Malaysian politician. A Malay, he is a member of a prominent political family, the son of Malaysia's second prime minister, Abdul Razak, and the nephew of its third, Hussein Onn.
..... Click the link for more information.
. He became the leader of the Malaysian United Indigenous party, and in the 2018 elections led the opposition Coalition of Hope to a majority and became prime minister. Tensions within the coalition led to its collapse in early 2020, and Mahathir resigned as prime minister. After Muhyiddin Yassin succeeded him as party leader and prime minister, Mahathir, who denounced the move, was expelled from the party. Mahathir defended his record in his 2011 memoir, A Doctor in the House.

Bibliography

See biography by B. Wain (2010); study by I. Stewart (2003).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Mahathir Bin Mohammad, Prime Minister of Malaysia, conferred the awards.
On May 30, Sheikh Hasina will attend the Nikkei Conference at Imperial Hotel where Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir Bin Mohammad will give the keynote speech.
Qaiser also extended his felicitation on the forthcoming visit of Malaysia Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohammad as chief guest at the Pakistan Day parade on March 23.
The speaker also expressed felicitation over the forthcoming visit of Prime Minister of Malaysia Dr Mahathir bin Mohammad as chief guest at the Pakistan Day parade on march 23.He hoped the journey of mutual cooperation in the field of education, defence, health and trade would continue.
Mahathir bin Mohammad as Chief Guest on Pakistan Day Parade on 23rd March, 2019.
The Speaker also expressed deep felicitation of forthcoming visit of the Prime Minister of Malaysia Tun Dr Mahathir bin Mohammad as Chief Guest on Pakistan Day Parade on 23rd March, 2019.
On Wednesday, Director General Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) Major General Asif Ghafoor had said that Prime Minister of Malaysia Dr Mahathir bin Mohammad will grace the Pakistan Day Parade on March 23rd as guest of honour.
The Speaker also expressed deep felicitation of the forthcoming visit of the Prime Minister of Malaysia Dr Mahathir bin Mohammad as Chief Guest on Pakistan Day Parade on 23rd March 2019.
PARIS, May 11 (KUNA) -- France on Friday praised the proper functioning of the Malaysian elections on May 9 and congratulated the new Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohammad, who will head the incoming government.
Although originally employing an anti-communist and pro-Western stance under Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia gradually shifted toward de jure non-alignment, which later became a de facto anti-Western orientation under Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohammad. With Mohammad at the helm, Malaysia embarked on an economically progressive path with a strong focus on the nation's Islamic background, harnessing Malaysian religious identity to garner support for his vision of "South-South" cooperation in anti-colonialist opposition to the traditionally dominant "North." In doing so, he brought about a cycle of an Islamist foreign policy reinforcing Islamism and anti-Westernism at home, and vice versa.
Malaysian prime minister Mahathir bin Mohammad, for example, has openly attacked the West's globalization strategy, arguing that it leaves Third World states "totally exposed and unable to protect themselves."(11) While Mahathir is certainly no environmentalist, he might lend support to an anti-MAI campaign.