Gandhi Jayanti

(redirected from Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday)

Gandhi Jayanti (Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday)

October 2
A national holiday in India to commemorate the birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who came to be known as Mahatma ("great soul") Gandhi. At this time pilgrimages are made from throughout the country to the Raj Ghat on the banks of the Yamuna River in Delhi where Gandhi was cremated. Many communities also hold spinning and weaving sessions in his honor.
Gandhi, often pictured in a simple white cotton robe at a spinning wheel, was the leader of the movement for Indian nationalism, the 20th century's great prophet of nonviolence, and a religious innovator who encouraged a reformed, liberal Hinduism.
He was born in 1869 in Porbandar, India, and educated both in India and England. He went to South Africa as a young lawyer, was shocked by the racial discrimination, and led the African Indians in a nonviolent struggle against repression. Returning to India, he became a dominant political figure, and, in the struggle for independence, was jailed several times. His protests often took the form of fasts.
In the 1930s, he worked for rural people trying to eradicate discrimination against the untouchable caste and promoting hand spinning and weaving as occupations for the poor and as a way to overcome the British monopoly on cloth. The ashram (a religious retreat center) he established near Ahmedabad became the center of his freedom movement. In the 1940s, he helped heal the scars of religious conflict in Bengal and Bihar; in 1947 his fasting put an end to the rioting in Calcutta. On January 30, 1948, on his way to an evening prayer meeting in Delhi, he was shot and killed by a Hindu fanatic. Albert Einstein was among his great admirers.
CONTACTS:
Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
Rm. No 123, Transport Bhawan, No. 1, Parliament St.
New Delhi, Delhi 110 001 India
91-11-23715084; fax: 91-11-23715084
www.tourisminindia.com
Official Mahatma Gandhi eArchive
Mahatma Gandhi Foundation, N.T. Malusare Ln., Irla off S.V. Rd., Vile Parle (West)
Rishiket Apt., Ground Fl.
Mumbai, Mumbai 400 056 India
91-22-26704605; fax: 91-22-26704603
web.mahatma.org.in
M. K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence
Christian Brothers University
650 E. Parkway, S.
Memphis, TN 38104
901-452-2824; fax: 901-452-2775
www.gandhiinstitute.org
SOURCES:
AnnivHol-2000, p. 166
BkHolWrld-1986, Oct 2
DictWrldRel-1989, p. 271
(c)
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alashram, Acting Group CEO of Emirates Post Group, said: "As we approach the anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, Emirates Post is issuing a stamp as a celebration of the values Gandhi embodied and upheld during his lifetime."
Summary: Tuesday marked the commemoration of the International Day of Non-Violence, introduced by the United Nations General Assembly in 2007 in honor of Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, the pioneer of a nonviolence movement that inspired the world.
A resolution was passed at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 2007 marking Mahatma Gandhi's birthday on October 2 as the 'International Day of Non-Violence'.
World Day for Farmed Animals takes place annually, on or around October 2 in concurrence with Mahatma Gandhi's birthday. 2018 marks the 36th anniversary the international day of action which includes vigils, marches, demonstrations, and social media advocacy.
Befitting the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, he sang a melodious song eulogizing the great soul and his contribution to the noble principle of Ahimsa.
Mahatma Gandhi's birthday falls on October 2 and the seminar was postponed in view of Eid.
On October 2, Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, police arrested seventy-eight activists who were engaged in nonviolent direct action outside the Alliant Techsystems corporate headquarters.
The south civic body said on Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, which is also celebrated as Swachh Bharat Diwas, that it had followed the protocol and norms of construction of toilets under Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Swatchh Bharat Mission and provided one toilet within 500 metres in every area of its jurisdiction.
2 marked the International Day of Non-Violence honoring Mahatma Gandhi's birthday.
The RED Movie Trailer will be Webcasted worldwide via Live Streaming on the occasion of the Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday on 2nd October 2015 as a tribute to The Father of the Nation.