Born Dec. 11, 1911, in Cairo. Arab Egyptian writer.
Mahfuz was the son of petit bourgeois parents. In 1934 he graduated from the department of literature of the University of Cairo. In 1938 he published his collection of short stories The Whisper of Madness, about the contrasts between wealth and poverty in bourgeois society. After the romantic historical novels The Game of Fates (1939), Radobis (1943), and Struggle of Thebes, (1944), he returned to social themes. In the realistic novel New Cairo (1945), which deals with the disintegration of a petit bourgeois family, Mahfuz showed the different paths chosen by Egyptian youth in the prewar years.
Mahfuz portrayed the life of different strata in Egyptian society during the period from the anti-British uprising of 1919 through the end of World War II, in the novels Khan al-Khalili (1946), The Alley of al-Midaqq (1947), and The Beginning and the End (1949). Especially well-known is his 1956-57 trilogy, consisting of novels named after neighborhoods in old Cairo: Bayna al-Qasrayn, Qasr al-Shouq (State Prize of the UAR, 1957), and Al-Sukkariyya, concerning the life of an Egyptian family during the first half of the 20th century.
In 1966, Mahfuz published the novels Small Talk on the Nile and Pension Miramar, reflecting events of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 and the problems that followed it. Mahfuz has also written the collections of short stories God’s Peace (1963), House of III Fame (1965), The Black Cat Tavern (1968), and Under the Canopy (1969). Many of Mahfuz’ works have been adapted for the screen and stage.
WORKSAwlad kharatina. Cairo, 1959.
Al-Tariq. Cairo, 1964.
Al-Shahhadh. Cairo, 1965.
In Russian translation:
Deti nashego kvartala. Moscow, 1959.
Vor i sobaki. Moscow, 1965.
Osennie perepela. Moscow, 1965.
REFERENCESRoshchin, Iu. E. Trilogiia egipetskogo pisatelia Nagiba Makhfuza “Bain al-Kasrain” kak proizvedenie kriticheskogo realizma. Moscow, 1967.
Nad’, O. G. Problema geroia v romanakh Nagiba Makhfuza. Moscow, 1969.
Tashmukhamedova, G. A. Rannie sotsial’no-bytovye romany Nagiba Makhfuza. Tashkent, 1970.
Shukri Ghali. Dirasat fi adab Najib Mahfuz. Cairo, 1964.
N. K. KOTSAREV