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(both: măf`əkĭng), city (2011 pop. 290,269), capital of North West prov., N central South Africa, near the border of Botswana. It is the market for the surrounding cattle-raising and dairy-farming area and is an important railroad depot. Mafikeng was founded as Mafeking in 1885 on the site of an African settlement. In the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 (1899–1902) the British garrison there, under Lord Baden-Powell withstood a BoerBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
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 (Afrikaner) siege for 217 days; the fort is now a national monument. The city was the extraterritorial capital of the Bechuanaland protectorate until it became independent as BotswanaBotswana
, officially Republic of Botswana, republic (2015 est. pop. 2,209,000), 231,804 sq mi (600,372 sq km), S central Africa. It is bordered by Namibia on the west and north, by Zambia at a narrow strip in the north, by Zimbabwe on the east, and by South Africa on the east
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 in 1965. In 1980 what was then Mafikeng was incorporated into the so-called homeland of BophuthatswanaBophuthatswana
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, c.17,000 sq mi (44,000 sq km), N South Africa. Bophuthatswana comprised seven separate areas, one along the Botswana border, the remainder enclaves within N and central South Africa.
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, and became part of the much larger Mmabatho, the city that was Bophuthatswana's capital. Mmabatho was the capital of North West prov. from 1994 (when Bophuthatswana was abolished and the province was created); in 1996 the city was renamed Mafikeng. Mahikeng, the original local African name, became the city's name in 2012. A campus of North-West Univ. is there.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Fifty-six suspects were apprehended in Brits, 41 in Rustenburg, 45 in Mahikeng, 33 in Pudimoe while others were arrested in Zeerust, Klerksdorp and Vryburg.
of Physics; the Centre for Space Research in the Physics Department at North West University (NWU, Potchefstroom), working in gamma-ray astronomy; the astronomy group at NWU (Mahikeng) Physics Department; groups within the Departments of Physics and of Computational and Applied Mathematics, at Wits; the Astrophysics Group at the University of the Western Cape (UWC), which is involved in research using massive simulations; the Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques & Technologies (RATT) within the Dept.
In Mahikeng in the North-West, police arrested three men and a woman on suspicion of murder after the woman's 35-year-old husband was shot.
'Mahikeng doctor defies strike violence to deliver babies' Medical Brief, 2 May 2018.
Sereetsi and the Natives is the first band in Botswana to tour South Africa and have also been featured at the Mahika Mahikeng Jazz Festival, Kgalagadi Jazz Festival, and the Cultural Calabash Fest among others.
A survey of 568 women in steady relationships aged 15-49 was conducted in Mahikeng Municipality.
The Omani sports pro studied sports management for three-years in South Africa, where he coached at the primary school, high school, university, and club level for 12-years and opened his first academy, Mahikeng Basketball Academy (MBA).
School of Nursing, Faculty of Agriculture, Science and Technology, North-West University, Mahikeng, South Africa
Rubina Setlhare-Meltor and Lesley Wood, Department of Education Sciences, NorthWest University, Potchefstroom Campus, Mahikeng, South Africa.
An administration block that included a science centre was burned down at the North-West University's campus in the city of Mahikeng on Wednesday night, a university spokesman said.
The protesters torched a dormitory supervisor's residence and a block of administration buildings that included a science center at North-West University's campus in Mahikeng, the ( Associated Press  reported.