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(both: măf`əkĭng), city (2011 pop. 290,269), capital of North West prov., N central South Africa, near the border of Botswana. It is the market for the surrounding cattle-raising and dairy-farming area and is an important railroad depot. Mafikeng was founded as Mafeking in 1885 on the site of an African settlement. In the South African WarSouth African War
or Boer War,
1899–1902, war of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State against Great Britain. Background
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 (1899–1902) the British garrison there, under Lord Baden-Powell withstood a BoerBoer
[Du.,=farmer], inhabitant of South Africa of Dutch or French Huguenot descent. Boers are also known as Afrikaners. They first settled (1652) near the Cape of Good Hope in what was formerly Cape Province.
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 (Afrikaner) siege for 217 days; the fort is now a national monument. The city was the extraterritorial capital of the Bechuanaland protectorate until it became independent as BotswanaBotswana
, officially Republic of Botswana, republic (2005 est. pop. 1,640,000), 231,804 sq mi (600,372 sq km), S central Africa. It is bordered by Namibia on the west and north, by Zambia at a narrow strip in the north, by Zimbabwe on the east, and by South Africa on the east
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 in 1965. In 1980 what was then Mafikeng was incorporated into the so-called homeland of BophuthatswanaBophuthatswana
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, c.17,000 sq mi (44,000 sq km), N South Africa. Bophuthatswana comprised seven separate areas, one along the Botswana border, the remainder enclaves within N and central South Africa.
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, and became part of the much larger Mmabatho, the city that was Bophuthatswana's capital. Mmabatho was the capital of North West prov. from 1994 (when Bophuthatswana was abolished and the province was created); in 1996 the city was renamed Mafikeng. Mahikeng, the original local African name, became the city's name in 2012. A campus of North-West Univ. is there.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mahumapelo said this yesterday while on a door-to-door campaign in Motlhabeng village, Mahikeng Local Municipality, where he was joined by Members of Executive Council in marking World AIDS Day and spreading messages of Zero Discrimination against people living with HIV and Aids.
Hindrik Bouwman, PhD, Lecturer, Zoology Group, North-West University, Mahikeng, South Africa
Today SAA will run the sixth supplier summit in Mahikeng (North-West) as part of this nationwide initiative.
The first Sol Plaatje festival, Mahikeng, November 5 and 6, 2010, planned by the Sol Plaatje Educational Trust of Kimberley and hosted by the North West Department of Sports, Arts and Culture and Department of Education, drew learners from a local secondary school, young and aspiring performance poets, interested citizens, language practitioners, Plaatje scholars, and importantly, Sol Plaatje and Modiri Molema family members.
This was said by Premier Supra Mahumapelo while addressing the 2015 North West Provincial Risk Management Indaba at Cookes Lake in Mahikeng earlier today.
This was revealed today, Tuesday 03 November during a press briefing that was convened by Premier Supra Mahumapelo in Mahikeng.
This was announced by Premier Supra Obakeng Ramoeletsi Mahumapelo today during a media briefing that was held in Mahikeng.
Christmas came a bit early for four elderly women in Signal Hill village near Mahikeng after they received fully furnished houses, thanks to the Department of Local Government and Human Settlements in Bokone Bophirima in partnership with the Bokone Bophirima chapter of the South African Women in Construction (SAWIC).
The cooperation between the two Provinces will also focus on development programmes such as the Mahikeng Rebranding, Repositioning and Renewal Projects, establishment of cooperatives in rural areas, education and cultural heritage exchange programmes as well as comprehensive transport systems.
Premier SOR Mahumapelo met with the Student Representative Council of the North West University Mahikeng campus today following a request by the student leaders.
The conference will be held at Mahikeng Hotel School on the 08th October at 09h00 and on the 9th October 2014 the Older Persons Sectoral Parliament will be held at Legislature Chamber at 09h00.
The Sportainment was hosted by Department of Economy and Enterprise Development in partnership with Ultrapex Communications managed by Rolance Molapisi, drifter from Mahikeng from 25-26 September 2015 in the parking area of Mmabatho Stadium.