Mahmoud Abbas

(redirected from Mahmood Abbas)

Abbas, Mahmoud

(mäkhmo͞od` äbäs`, mämo͞od`), 1935–, Palestinian leader, also known as Abu Mazen. He was born in Saffed, Palestine (now in Israel), but his family fled during the 1948–49 Arab-Israeli conflict and lived in Syria. Educated at Damascus Univ. and Moscow Oriental College, Abbas helped found Al Fatah and held nonmilitary positions in the group under Yasir ArafatArafat, Yasir or Yasser
, 1929–2004, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the coordinating body for Palestinian organizations, and head of Al Fatah, the largest group in the PLO.
..... Click the link for more information.
. A Palestinian negotiator on the Oslo Accords and in subsequent talks with Israel, he became deputy chairman of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (PLO) in 1996 and briefly served as Palestinian AuthorityPalestinian Authority
(PA) or Palestinian National Authority,
interim self-government body responsible for areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip under Palestinian control.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (PA) prime minister in 2003, resigning after clashing with Arafat over control of the security forces. Regarded as a pragmatist, Abbas has called for an end to armed struggle against Israel, saying that the Palestinians are outgunned and cannot win.

Abbas was chosen as PLO chairman and the leader of Al Fatah following Arafat's death in 2004, and was elected president of the PA in 2005. The 2006 election of a HamasHamas
[Arab., = zeal], Arabic acronym for the Islamic Resistance Movement, a Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist organization that was founded in 1987 during the Intifada; it seeks to establish an Islamic state in Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip (the former
..... Click the link for more information.
 majority in the PA legislature led to a standoff between Abbas and the Hamas government over recognizing Israel and over control of the security forces, resulting in a government that was unable to function and tensions that at times erupted into fighting between Hamas and Al Fatah. In early 2007 both groups agreed to form a power-sharing government, but Abbas dissolved the government after Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip in June, 2007, and appointed an emergency government with no Hamas members. In 2009 Abbas indicated he would not seek a second term, but the PLO voted (2010) to extend his PA presidency indefinitely when it and Hamas could not agree on an election date. He was reelected as leader of Al Fatah in 2016, and reinforced his control of the PLO in 2018. Attempts since 2007 to establish a PLO-Hamas unity government have not been successful.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- Air Vice Marshal Matar Ali Matar Al Obaidani, Cdr RoyalAir Force of Oman Monday called on Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbas here at Naval Headquarters and discussed professional matters of mutual interest
Mahmood Abbas, Mohammad Ayaz Rizvi, Allama Fazal Kareem, Qari Attique ur Rehman, Shoukat Abbas Jaffri, Allama Syed Zahid Abbas Qazmi, Shoukat Jaffri and other ulema.
KARACHI: Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Mahmood Abbas reached Iran on Monday to attend the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium, according to Navy spokesman.The Navy spokesman said that the meeting will discuss matters related to maritime security.
Palestinian President Mahmood Abbas in his address called the decision of US President Donald Trump a 'flagrant violation of international law'.
Erdogan called on world powers to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine and said the United States should reverse the decision recognising the city as Israel's capital.'FLAGRANT VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW':Palestinian President Mahmood Abbas in his address called the decision of US President Donald Trump a "flagrant violation of international law".
JI chief appreciated announcements by Turkish President Recep Tayyep Erodgan and Palestinian President Mahmood Abbas rejecting the US decision and said that none of the Muslim rulers could support Trumps' plan.
"When I returned to the car at 3pm I saw the window was broken," said Mahmood Abbas.
Ibn Al Nafees Hospital's well-respected Dr Mahmood Abbas, consultant paediatric surgeon, will assist Dr Singal in all procedures and case follow-ups.
The Islamic institutions in Jerusalem said in a statement Sunday they "affirm the categorical rejection of the electronic gates and all the measures of occupation." On Friday, Palestinian Chairman Mahmood Abbas announced he would freeze ties with Israel until metal detectors at the holy site are removed.
7 (BNA): His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa has received a cable of thanks from the President of the State of Palestine and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, Mahmood Abbas, in reply to his condolences over the sad demise of his brother, Omar Abbas.
Executive Director Luqman Pazhur and CEO Mahmood Abbas also spoke.
short television appearance Palestinian leader Mahmood Abbas made aFriday insisting that the PLO is planning to go to New York on the 29th of November seeking a vote for an upgraded status for Palestine.