Mahmoud Abbas


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Abbas, Mahmoud

(mäkhmo͞od` äbäs`, mämo͞od`), 1935–, Palestinian leader, also known as Abu Mazen. He was born in Saffed, Palestine (now in Israel), but his family fled during the 1948–49 Arab-Israeli conflict and lived in Syria. Educated at Damascus Univ. and Moscow Oriental College, Abbas helped found Al Fatah and held nonmilitary positions in the group under Yasir ArafatArafat, Yasir or Yasser
, 1929–2004, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the coordinating body for Palestinian organizations, and head of Al Fatah, the largest group in the PLO.
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. A Palestinian negotiator on the Oslo Accords and in subsequent talks with Israel, he became deputy chairman of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (PLO) in 1996 and briefly served as Palestinian AuthorityPalestinian Authority
(PA) or Palestinian National Authority,
interim self-government body responsible for areas of the West Bank and Gaza Strip under Palestinian control.
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 (PA) prime minister in 2003, resigning after clashing with Arafat over control of the security forces. Regarded as a pragmatist, Abbas has called for an end to armed struggle against Israel, saying that the Palestinians are outgunned and cannot win.

Abbas was chosen as PLO chairman and the leader of Al Fatah following Arafat's death in 2004, and was elected president of the PA in 2005. The 2006 election of a HamasHamas
[Arab., = zeal], Arabic acronym for the Islamic Resistance Movement, a Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist organization that was founded in 1987 during the Intifada; it seeks to establish an Islamic state in Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip (the former
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 majority in the PA legislature led to a standoff between Abbas and the Hamas government over recognizing Israel and over control of the security forces, resulting in a government that was unable to function and tensions that at times erupted into fighting between Hamas and Al Fatah. In early 2007 both groups agreed to form a power-sharing government, but Abbas dissolved the government after Hamas seized control of the Gaza Strip in June, 2007, and appointed an emergency government with no Hamas members. In 2009 Abbas indicated he would not seek a second term, but the PLO voted (2010) to extend his PA presidency indefinitely when it and Hamas could not agree on an election date. He was reelected as leader of Al Fatah in 2016. Attempts since 2007 to establish a PLO-Hamas unity government have not been successful.

References in periodicals archive ?
Abu Rudainah said this fact "was confirmed by President Mahmoud Abbas in his address before the Palestinian Central Council, as well as in his last meeting with the EU foreign ministers in Brussels.
Jerusalem [Israel], Jan 15 ( ANI ): President Mahmoud Abbas on Sunday confirmed that Palestinians are being offered Abu Dis as the capital of a future Palestinian state.
Earlier, Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas told Arab and Islamic leaders that the United States is no longer fit to broker an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal and should be Abbas replaced as mediator by the United Nations.
Au cours de cet echange, Mahmoud Abbas a mis en garde Donald Trump contre les [beaucoup moins que] consequences dangereuses d'une telle decision sur le processus de paix, la securite et la stabilite dans la region et dans le monde [beaucoup plus grand que], a fait savoir l'Autorite palestinienne dans un communique diffuse ce mardi.
His Highness the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani held a telephone conversation yesterday evening with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on the latest developments on the Palestinian arena.
Moscow, Sept 6 (Petra) -- Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov said Tuesday that Moscow will pursue contacts to host a meeting between Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
ISLAMABAD -- President of Palestine Mahmoud Abbas and Sri Lankan Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera Friday extended good wishes for Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif after he underwent a cardiac surgery in London last week.
14 (BNA): Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas today received a phone call from Arab League Secretary-General Dr.
Karim Shahada, special envoy of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
Le president palestinien Mahmoud Abbas a remis, hier, a Alger, au president de la Republique, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, la medaille de l'Etoile de Palestine.
15, 2014 - HM King Mohammed VI has reiterated Morocco's support to the "militant" Palestinian people and the efforts of President Mahmoud Abbas to consolidate unity and recover the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people.
The opening of the borders will see the deployment of forces loyal to Mahmoud Abbas, who is more acceptable to Israel and others.