Mahmud of Ghazna

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Mahmud of Ghazna

(mämo͞od`, gŭz`na), 971?–1030, Afghan emperor and conqueror. He defeated (c.999) his elder brother to gain control of Khorasan (in Iran) and of Afghanistan. In his raids against the states of N India, Mahmud, a staunch Muslim, destroyed Hindu temples, forced conversions to Islam, and carried off booty and slaves. Hindus especially abhorred his destruction of the temple to Shiva at Somnath in Gujarat. Mahmud's territorial gains lay mainly W and N of Afghanistan and in the Punjab. At Ghazna (see GhazniGhazni
, city (1981 est. pop. 31,200), capital of Ghazni prov., E central Afghanistan, on the Ghazni River. Located on the Kabul-Kandahar trade route, Ghazni is a market for sheep, wool, camel hair cloth, corn, and fruit. The famed Afghan sheepskin coats are made in the city.
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), his capital, he built a magnificent mosque. His successors in the Ghaznavid dynasty, which Mahmud founded, ruled over a reduced domain with the capital at Lahore until 1186.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. Nazim (1931) and M. Habib (2d ed. 1967); C. Bosworth, The Ghaznavids (1973) and The Later Ghaznavids (1977).

References in periodicals archive ?
The scholar Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni (973-1048 AD), one of the fathers of sociology, came to India with Mahmud of Ghazni. He wrote a remarkably candid book titled Kitab-ul-Hind, perhaps the first comprehensive book on India and its people.
A case was registered against the duo who claimed to be the reincarnations of Mahmud of Ghazni.
I moved towards Rang Mahal and searched for the grave of Ayaz, the beautiful Georgian slave of Mahmud of Ghazni. A young goldsmith shopkeeper informed me that the grave of Hazrat Pir Ayaz was inside a mosque.
Egypt was conquered for Islam from the Byzantine Empire by an Arab army, while Pakistan was conquered by Mahmud of Ghazni, and its people were converted by Turkish holy men.
Lahore is also called 'Data ki Nagri' as the first sufi saint of the region, Usman Ali Hajveri commonly known as Data Sahib landed here with Mahmud of Ghazni. He brought the message of love and humanity that spread all over India which ultimately resulted in the spread of Islam in the sub-continent.
Not only did the Taliban refuse the proposal of purchase and safeguarding by the Met, they countered it with a pithy rhetorical flourish that, throughout Afghanistan and also northern India, forms part of the contemporary public understanding of the medieval period: They quoted Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni (r.
Though commissioned by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni to write a poetic version of an old book with expected applaud for the king Ferdowsi takes on a far greater task incorporating Persian history, and his desire for a new Persian identity.
He was sent a show cause notice signed by CEO Rahul Johri, who had found himself amid allegations of harassment (an unnamed BCCI official is quoted in an article in Hindustan Times saying, "To get Johri to sign a notice to be sent to someone for an act that disrespects women is like engaging Mahmud of Ghazni to head a task force on peace.").
The daring 'Operation SOMNATH' conducted by PN Fleet which saw the Indian Radar Station at Dwarka, on the Gujrat Coast, neutralized, was the glorious reminiscence of the 11thCentury raids of Mahmud of Ghazni on the idolized Somnath Temple, located on the same coast.
The daring 'Operation SOMNATH' conducted by PN Fleet which saw the Indian Radar Station at Dwarka, on the Gujrat Coast, neutralized, was the glorious reminiscence of the 11th Century raids of Mahmud of Ghazni on the idolized Somnath Temple, located on the same coast.
Wars between Muhammad Bin Qasim and Raja Dahir in 712, Mahmud of Ghazni and Jaypal, Muhammad Ghuri and Prithvi Raj, Babur and Rana Sanga and Aurangzeb and Shivaji are cases in point.
Leaders such as Mahmud of Ghazni and Muhammad Tughluq expanded Muslim political domains without altering the religious or social fabric of Indian society.