Aga Khan III

(redirected from Mahomed Shah Aga Khan)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aga Khan III


(Aga Sultan Sir Muhammad Shah). Born Nov. 2, 1877; died July 11, 1957. The 48th imam (beginning in 1885) of the Ismaili sect; political figure connected with the bourgeois landlord circles of India. Received his higher education in England.

From 1902 to 1904, Aga Khan was a member of the viceroy’s council for India; he was chairman of the All-India Muslim League, 1906–13. He left the league in 1913 after it moved somewhat to the left. He headed the Indian delegation to the round-table conference in London (1930–32) and to sessions of the League of Nations (1932 and 1934–37). He owned a great deal of landed property and was a businessman with enterprises in many countries. His religious beliefs were based on advocacy of bourgeois modernism in Islam. The first bourgeois reforms in the Ismaili sect took place under his leadership.


Aga Khan. India in Transition: A Study in Political Evolution. London, 1918.
The Memoirs of Aga Khan: World Enough and Time. London, 1954.


Greenwall, H. J. His Highness the Aga Khan, Imam of the Ismailis. London, 1952.
HRH the Aga Khan. Dacca, 1957.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He succeeded his grandfather, Sir Sultan Mahomed Shah Aga Khan as the Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims sixty years ago, at the age of 20.
His Highness the Aga Khan became Imam (spiritual leader) of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims on July 11, 1957 at the age of 20, succeeding his grandfather, Sir Sultan Mahomed Shah Aga Khan. He is the 49th hereditary Imam of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims and a direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through his cousin and son-in-law, Ali, the first Imam, and his wife Fatima, the Prophet's daughter.Founded and guided by His Highness the Aga Khan, the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) brings together a number of development agencies, institutions, and programmes that work primarily in the poorest parts of Asia and Africa.
The Aga Khan's grandfather, Sultan Mahomed Shah Aga Khan III, was the first President of the All India Muslim League and a vigorous advocate of the Muslim cause during the British Raj.