(Majano), a family of Italian architects, sculptors, and wood-carvers.
Giuliano da Maiano. Born in 1432 in Maiano, Tuscany; died Oct. 17, 1490, in Naples. Architect.
Developing the traditions of the Tuscan Early Renaissance (F. Brunelleschi), G. da Maiano sought more complex spatial solutions and often stressed the decorative elements in his architecture (Spannochi Palace in Siena, c. 1473; Faenza Cathedral, 1474-86; Porta Capuana, Naples, 1484). He directed a wood-carving workshop, where he made decorations for churches and public buildings (wood carving or intarsia).
Benedetto da Maiano. Born in 1442 in Maiano, Tuscany; died Sept. 24, 1497, in Florence. Sculptor and architect. Brother of G. da Maiano.
B. da Maiano studied under his brother, with whom he often collaborated. His sculpture, which reflects the influences of A. Rossellino and Desiderio da Settignano, is noted for the delicate harmony of sculptural and architectural elements (pulpit in the Church of Santa Croce in Florence, marble, 1472-76). He also did a number of portrait busts (Filippo Strozzi, painted terra-cotta, c. 1490, Louvre, Paris). His architectural works include the Strozzi Palace in Florence (c. 1489, completed by Cronaca) and the tracery of the portico of the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Arezzo (c. 1490).
REFERENCESDussler, L. Benedetto da Maiano. Munich, 1924.
Cendali, L. Giuliano e Benedetto da Maiano. San Casciano in Val di Pesa, 1926.