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see MaykopMaykop
, city (1989 pop. 149,000), capital of Adygey Republic, Krasnodar Territory, S European Russia, at the foot of the Greater Caucasus and on the Belaya River. It has machinery, lumber, and food-processing industries.
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, Russia.



(from the Adygei word Myequape, “valley of apple trees”), a city and the center of Adygei Autonomous Oblast (part of Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR). It is situated on the right bank of the Belaia River, a tributary of the Kuban’, on the Tuapse-Ust’-Labinsk highway. Maikop has a railroad station on a siding of the Armavir-Tuapse line. Population, 122,000 (1973; 34,000 in 1897, 45,000 in 1926, 56,000 in 1939, 82,000 in 1959).

Founded as a Russian fortress on May 17, 1857, Maikop became the chief town of a district in 1870. Soviet power was established on Jan. 8 (21), 1918, but the city was seized by White Guards on Sept. 7, 1918. Soviet power was reestablished on Mar. 21-22, 1920, when units of the First Cavalry and partisans entered Maikop. During the prewar five-year plans Maikop was transformed from a remote provincial city with domestic and semidomestic enterprises into an industrial and cultural center. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, Maikop was occupied by fascist German troops from Aug. 10, 1942, to Jan. 29, 1943, and was severely damaged by them. Maikop was fully restored during the first postwar five-year plan.

Food-processing is the city’s leading branch of industry (more than 37 percent of gross output); there are meat, dairy, and food combines as well as canneries and distilleries. Timber, paper, and wood-products enterprises account for 18.5 percent of gross output (furniture, parquet, pressed sawdust, cardboard boxes, wooden crates for produce). There are plants for the production of timber-rafting equipment, communications equipment, metalcutting lathes, and other equipment. Light industry accounts for more than 28 percent of gross output; there are binder-twine, rope, garment, and footwear factories and a tanning extracts plant. Maikop has a hydroelectric power plant. The city has a pedagogical institute and six secondary specialized educational institutions (road engineering, wood-products, and agricultural technicums and medical, pedagogical, and musical schools). Other educational and cultural institutions include the Adygeian Scientific Research Institute of Economics, Language, Literature, and History; a museum of history and local lore; and a dramatic theater.


Kossovich, P. F., M. Z. Amazatova, and S. N. Malykh. Maikop (Kratkii istoricheskii ocherk). Maikop, 1957.



a city in SW Russia, capital of the Adygei Republic: extensive oilfields to the southwest; mineral springs. Pop.: 165 000 (2005 est.)
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Evaluation of secondary filtration parameters of low-permeability shale strata of the Maikop series of Central and Eastern Ciscaucasia by the results of geomechanics modeling.
Casi todas las industrias de esa pequena republica autonoma de Rusia se ubican en su capital Maikop --entre ellas la construccion de maquinas para la extraccion de petroleo y refinerias, asi como la fabricacion de equipo medico, electronico y domestico.
The oilfields in Kuban province south of the Caucasus, the first of which was discovered at Maikop in 1910, were also highly developed.
Purposely permitted by the Chechens to penetrate to the center of the city, the Russian Maikop Brigade was first surrounded and then destroyed.
Tveritinov, Sotsial 'no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie sochinskogo okruga vo vtoroi polovine XlX--nachale XX vekov (Maikop: Poligraf-Iug, 2009); and Muzei istorii goroda-kurorta Sochi, Kbronika osnovnykh sobytii iz istorii Sochi (Sochi: Dom politicheskogo prosveshcheniia Sochinskogo gorkoma KPSS, 1988).
He suggests that the Maikop culture of the Caucasus region, which is known to have been contemporary with the middle and late Uruk periods of southern Mesopotamia (p.
Reich Commissariat Caucasus included the Astrakhan Region and became a major source of oil for the Germans: the local population was forcibly drafted to work on a vast new railway line running from Baku through Maikop and Rostov to Munich.
Address : Russian Federation, 385016, Adygea Republic, Maikop, UL SOVETSKAYA, 176
Open competition: implementation of construction control during major repairs on the objects: "bridge over the main discharge channel at km 0 + 591 of the road a-146 krasnodar - verkhnebakansky", "bridge over the white river at km 10 + 880 a-159 access road from maikop to the caucasian state biosphere reserve "
Maikop: Adygeiskii respublikanskii institut gumanitarnykh issledovanii im.
The meeting said that positive results were achieved in such a direction as "Lean City", which had already been adopted by another Russian city, the capital of Adygea, Maikop.