Maikop


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Maikop:

see MaykopMaykop
, city (1989 pop. 149,000), capital of Adygey Republic, Krasnodar Territory, S European Russia, at the foot of the Greater Caucasus and on the Belaya River. It has machinery, lumber, and food-processing industries.
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, Russia.

Maikop

 

(from the Adygei word Myequape, “valley of apple trees”), a city and the center of Adygei Autonomous Oblast (part of Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR). It is situated on the right bank of the Belaia River, a tributary of the Kuban’, on the Tuapse-Ust’-Labinsk highway. Maikop has a railroad station on a siding of the Armavir-Tuapse line. Population, 122,000 (1973; 34,000 in 1897, 45,000 in 1926, 56,000 in 1939, 82,000 in 1959).

Founded as a Russian fortress on May 17, 1857, Maikop became the chief town of a district in 1870. Soviet power was established on Jan. 8 (21), 1918, but the city was seized by White Guards on Sept. 7, 1918. Soviet power was reestablished on Mar. 21-22, 1920, when units of the First Cavalry and partisans entered Maikop. During the prewar five-year plans Maikop was transformed from a remote provincial city with domestic and semidomestic enterprises into an industrial and cultural center. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, Maikop was occupied by fascist German troops from Aug. 10, 1942, to Jan. 29, 1943, and was severely damaged by them. Maikop was fully restored during the first postwar five-year plan.

Food-processing is the city’s leading branch of industry (more than 37 percent of gross output); there are meat, dairy, and food combines as well as canneries and distilleries. Timber, paper, and wood-products enterprises account for 18.5 percent of gross output (furniture, parquet, pressed sawdust, cardboard boxes, wooden crates for produce). There are plants for the production of timber-rafting equipment, communications equipment, metalcutting lathes, and other equipment. Light industry accounts for more than 28 percent of gross output; there are binder-twine, rope, garment, and footwear factories and a tanning extracts plant. Maikop has a hydroelectric power plant. The city has a pedagogical institute and six secondary specialized educational institutions (road engineering, wood-products, and agricultural technicums and medical, pedagogical, and musical schools). Other educational and cultural institutions include the Adygeian Scientific Research Institute of Economics, Language, Literature, and History; a museum of history and local lore; and a dramatic theater.

REFERENCE

Kossovich, P. F., M. Z. Amazatova, and S. N. Malykh. Maikop (Kratkii istoricheskii ocherk). Maikop, 1957.

L. ASHKHAMAKHOVA

Maikop

a city in SW Russia, capital of the Adygei Republic: extensive oilfields to the southwest; mineral springs. Pop.: 165 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
German troops reached the westerly oilfields at Maikop but were then halted by the siege of Stalingrad (ex-Tsaritsyn, now Volgograd), that vital rail and water link with the north.
The report presents an account of top poultry meat producers, including: Petelinskiy Poultry Processing Plant, Severnaya Poultry Farm, Chelni-Broiler, Uralbroiler, Kurinoe Tsarstvo, Ravis - Sosnovskaya Poultry Farm, Maikop Poultry Farm, Sibirskaya Poultry Farm, Orenburg Broiler, Kalitva Meat Processing Plant, Poultry Farm, Elinar-Broiler Russian-American Poultry Farm, Liskinskaya Investment and Construction Company Broiler, Kaluga Poultry Farm, Reftinskaya Poultry Farm, Poultry Processing Plant - Kurinoe Tsarstvo, Agrocomplex, Perm Poultry Farm, Tyumen Broiler and others.
The senator held a meeting with students of the Maikop State Technological University.
He suggests that the Maikop culture of the Caucasus region, which is known to have been contemporary with the middle and late Uruk periods of southern Mesopotamia (p.
Reich Commissariat Caucasus included the Astrakhan Region and became a major source of oil for the Germans: the local population was forcibly drafted to work on a vast new railway line running from Baku through Maikop and Rostov to Munich.
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Kisriev, Moscow State University for Land Management, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkarian, Stavropol and Gorsky State Agrarian Universities, Maikop State Technological University, Don State Technical University and other ministries and departments.
Kisrieva Ruslan Shakhmirzayev, as well as representatives of the Maikop State Technological University and the Kuban State Technological University.