Maine de Biran


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Maine de Biran

(mĕn də bēräN`), 1766–1824, French philosopher, member of the Council of Five Hundred (1797), and councilor of state (1816). His real name was Marie François Pierre Gonthier de Biran. Although interested in the theories of Condillac and the ideologues, he was unable to accept Condillac's view of knowledge as derived solely from sensation. Maine de Biran emphasized the importance of inner consciousness of the self, finding the basis of morality in the consciousness of volitional activity. He later inclined toward mysticism. His writings were collected as Œuvres inédites de Maine de Biran (1859).

Bibliography

See studies by P. P. Hallie (1959) and F. C. T. Moore (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: repair and maintenance work on the medical center maine de biran, care unit based in chaumont.
Son approche de la psychologie est d'abord marquee par Maine de Biran (a qui il consacre sa these, jamais achevee (46)), Ravaisson ou Bergson.
Partira de una idea de Maine de Biran que consiste en confirmar que cuando se dice yo pienso, no solo se esta diciendo algo con distancia respecto al pensamiento, sino que existe una afirmacion inmediata e inmanente al Yo, de un modo transparente, sin intervencion alguna.
Moreover, insisting that the often marginalized Maine de Biran is their equal, and a pioneering figure for the whole of nineteenth-century idealism must be approved and applauded.
Maine de Biran replaces classical reflection with an inner transcendental experience whose organ is the transcendental inner sense, and describes the pathos of the ontology of the passivity of the self toward the body and the organic.
Ensayo sobre la ontologia de Maine de Biran, Presentacion y traduccion de Juan Gallo Reyzabal, Salamanca: Sigueme, 2007, 302 pp.
In a published report, Didier Maine de Biran, vice president of Puig North America and general manager of Puig USA, said that American consumers coming out of the recession realize they can find prestige fragrances in mass market outlets at affordable prices.
This challenge to the Cartesian project is traced further through the works of Rousseau, Condillac, and Maine de Biran, but once he reaches the mid-nineteenth century Heller-Roazen shifts the focus of his 'archaeology' from the terrain of philosophy to that of medical science.
Primarily, Idea is a work of intellectual history including discussions of Locke, Mandeville, Hume, Smith, Condillac, Diderot, Rousseau, Maine de Biran, Constant, Kant, Herder, Humboldt, Goethe, Fichte, Novalis, Schelling, Hegel, Coleridge, Mill, Durkheim, Mallarme, Janet, Fouille, Bergson, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Foucault, and Derrida.
Ainsi, la philosophie de Maine de Biran ne pouvait apporter une fondation solide a une philosophie pouvant etre reconciliee a la science.
Francisco-Pedro Maine de Biran (junto a Victor Cousin) sobresale como el iniciador de la "corriente espiritualista" que enlaza con la rica tradicion francesa de Descartes, Pascal y Malebranche.
Le livre ultime vient confirmer que son auteur n'a pas eu pour but d'ecrire son autobiographie; a l'inverse, les autres livres d'Oster, les "romans" comme les textes critiques contenaient eux aussi des bribes d'un journal intime, sur le meme plan que ceux, reconstitues fictivement, de Maine de Biran ou d'Ettore Schmitz (alias Italo Svevo) dans Dans l'intervalle.

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