Scottish Gaelic

(redirected from Mairi)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scottish Gaelic


the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.


Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mairi, who has published several children's books in Gaelic, added: "I think it is hugely important to bring history to young people.
Mairi Gougeon also stressed in her speech in Ireland that forestry will be further integrated into land-use policy and wider climate change action, another example of practical, joined-up action and not climate grandstanding.
Mairi and Emma were among dozens of families who appeared in last year's Wouldn't Change ATHING smash hit"50 mums, 50 kids, 1 extra chromosome" which became international news after attracting 350 million views on social media.
Mairi said in advance of tomorrow's Stirling show: "The original song goes way back.
WINNERS' TALE Judge Myra Zepf with Elena Gourley and Mairi McCurdy
I have seen a little of students who come and go in this slum called Mairi Kuwait but I have never seen a lousy bunch as these ones who spend all their time in the office of lucky deep owners and beer joint in Sahel hotel.
Donald and Finlay, along with Mairi, donned Victorian swimming costumes, right, and joined in the New Year's Day Loony Dook at South Queensferry, when hundreds of intrepid souls immersed themselves in the cold waters of the Firth of Forth.
This photograph, Through a water droplet, was taken in Powys by Mairi Eyres, Overall Youth Winner in the <B2015 Landscape Photographer of the Year Awards Mairi Eyres
Maori needed to build relationships with local morgues, Mairi said.
The penny black, the world's first stamp, was printed from 12 different plates, each of which appears in Lady Mairi's collection.
Little Duncan Ewen's parents Mairi and Kenny feared he would spend the rest of his life locked in a world of his own.
"These long-term relationships are another key component of our corporate strategy," says Mainframe's director of communications, Mairi Welman.