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(pseudonym of Jonas Mačiulis). Born Oct. 21 (Nov. 2), 1862, in Pasandravys, present-day Raseiniai Raion; died June 28, 1932, in Kaunas. Lithuanian poet.

Maironis was the son of well-to-do peasants. In 1892 he graduated from the St. Petersburg Theological Academy, where he became a professor; he later was appointed rector of the Kaunas Theological Seminary. Maironis took part in the nationalist movement on the side of the clerical wing of the Lithuanian bourgeoisie.

In his collection of lyrical poems entitled Voices of Spring (1895), Maironis, a representative of romanticism in Lithuanian literature, vividly reflected the hopes of the common people for national liberation; he lauded in verse the natural beauty of Lithuania and idealized its historical past. In his satires To My School Friends (1895) and Don’t Care a Fig (1895), Maironis ridiculed bourgeois officials. In his narrative poems Through Suffering to Glory (1895; second variant published in 1907 as Young Lithuania) and Our Tribulations (1920) he depicted the nationalist movement as a single current. He wrote ballads, for example, “Čičnskas” (1919) and “Jūratė and Kastytis” (1920); his opera librettos include The Marriage of the Unlucky Dangute (1927; published 1930); and among his verse dramas are The Death of Kestutis (1921), Vytautas Among the Crusaders (1925), and Vytautas the King (1930). Maironis reasserted syllabic versification in Lithuanian poetry.


Raštai, vols. 1-5. Kaunas, 1926-30.
Rinktiniai raštai, vols. 1-2. Vilnius, 1956.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1949.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1962.


Lietuvių literatūres istorija, vol. 2. Vilnius, 1958.
Zaborskaitė, V. Maironis. Vilnius, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
The largest number of people aged 1519 met the Lithuanian Museum of Ethnocosmology (31%); 49 years - Maironis Lithuanian Literature Museum (29%), 50-59 - Vilnius Gaon State Jewish Museum (24%).
Previously, she served two terms on the board of directors of the Lithuanian American Community, Inc., and was the principal of the New York Maironis Lithuanian Cultural Education School for 14 years.
The song Lithuania, My Dear, according to the text of Maironis, has become the second anthem of Lithuania.
Con ocasion de la celebracion del sesquicentenario o centesimo quincuagesimo aniversario del nacimiento de Jonas Maironis organizada por el Consulado de la Republica de Lituania en Valencia tuvimos ocasion de enfrentarnos, traductivamente hablando, al desafio de verter al espanol su poema mas conocido y probablemente el poema tambien mas conocido en Lituania.
There were displays of music sheets "Maironis in Music" and documents such as " The Poetry of Lithuanian Bard in in Painting and Graphic art".
Mekas's "The Idyls of Semeniskiai" notes that Mekas's poetry has elements similar to those contained in the well-known Lithuanian poets Donelaitis, Baranauskas, and Maironis. He also notes that Mekas's lack of poetic devices resembles the Russian acmeist position versus Russian symbolism and its foggy deformation of reality.
In 1940 he was appointed director of the Maironis Museum of Literature, Kaunas.
Cibulskien?, deputy director of this museum, won the competition organized by the Ministry of Culture to take the position of director of the Maironis Lithuanian Literature Museum.
For example, Maironis, one of the most famous Lithuanian poets of all time, whose poems are considered the epitome of Lithuanian patriotism, visited Switzerland at least three times.
A celebration of his life will follow at Maironis Park on South Quinsigamond Ave in Shrewsbury.
At first with LKDP that has one-hundred-year traditions (established in 1904 by the initiatives of Professor Adomas Dambrauskas-Jakstas, Maironis and Pranciskus Bucys in Petrapilis spiritual Academy).