mace

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mace,

in botany and cooking: see nutmegnutmeg,
name applied to members of the family Myristicaceae. The true nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) is an evergreen tree native to the Moluccas but now cultivated elsewhere in the tropics and to a limited extent in S Florida.
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Mace,

chemical spray device used by police in riot control. Mace is ordinary tear gastear gas,
gas that causes temporary blindness through the excessive flow of tears resulting from irritation of the eyes. The gas is used in chemical warfare and as a means for dispersing mobs.
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 (chloroacetophenone, or CN) in a volatile solvent contained in a spray can. It causes severe lacrimation and temporary blindness. If sprayed directly into the face from a distance of less than 6 ft (1.8 m), it may cause permanent injury.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mace

 

an ancient weapon in the form of a shaft with a small head at the end, approximately 0.5 to 0.8 m long. The mace had a stone head in the Neolithic period and a metal head in the Bronze Age. This type of weapon was typical of the ancient Orient. It was rarely used in the world of the Greeks and Romans; the Romans adopted the mace (clava) only in the second century A.D. In the Middle Ages the mace existed in the Muslim Orient, Western Europe (from the 13th century), and the Russian Empire, where it was used between the 13th and 17th centuries. Two types were distinguished: a mace with an ordinary ball-shaped head, and the shestoper, the head of which was divided into small longitudinal lobes. Among many tribes and peoples the mace was less a weapon than a symbol of authority. Until the 19th century it served as a symbol of authority and dignity among the Turkish pashas and the Polish and Ukrainian hetmans. Among the cossacks it was retained until the 20th century (under the name of naseka) as the sign of office of stanitsa (large cossack village) and settlement hetmans.

REFERENCE

Kirpichnikov, A. N. “Drevnerusskoe oruzhie.” In Arkheologiia SSSR: Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov, EI-36, fasc. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

A. V. ARTSIKHOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

mace

[mās]
(food engineering)
Spice made from the covering of the nutmeg.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mace

ceremonial staff carried as a symbol of office and authority. [Western Culture: Misc.]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

mace

1. Military a club, usually having a spiked metal head, used esp in the Middle Ages
2. a ceremonial staff of office carried by certain officials
3. Sport an early form of billiard cue
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

MACE

A concurrent object-oriented language.
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