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a picaresque novella genre that arose in Arabic literature of the ninth and tenth centuries and later spread to Persian-Tadzhik and Hebrew literatures. The central figure of a maqama tale was usually a wandering unsuccessful man of letters, earning his living through his poetical skill and erudition. The narrative interest of the maqama is based on the hero’s somewhat rascally cunning, while his erudition and poetical skill provide the story’s learned content.

Maqama novellas were written in rhymed prose (saj) in accordance with carefully elaborated rules of form. They abounded in puns, complicated stylistic figures, quotations, and maxims, which often made them accessible only to a narrow circle of connoisseurs of belles-lettres. The most well-known practitioners of the maqama genre include Badi al-Zaman (969-1007), founder of the genre, and al-Hariri (1054-1122), both Arabs; in Iranian literature, Khamid al-Din Balkhi (died 1164); and in Hebrew literature, Judah Ben Solomon al-Harizi (1165-1225). The maqama is sometimes considered the direct predecessor of the European picaresque novel.

In Arabic literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, an attempt was made to revive the maqama genre (for example, The Story of Isa ibn Hisham, 1907, by Muhammad Muwaylihi).


Krymskii, A. E. Arabskaia poeziia v ocherkakh i obraztsakh. Moscow, 1906.
Krachkovskii, I. Iu. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1956.
Fil’shtinskii, I. M. Arabskaia klassicheskaia literqtura. Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
Gauteng chairperson of Scopa Sipho Makama said that the four central academic hospitals should be independent, instead of run by the provincial health department.
Thuli Makama, Swaziland's only environmental attorney, has helped ensure environmental progress via the courtroom, winning a landmark case to improve conversation and fighting to protect poor communities.
Simdiye kadar baska makama muracaat etmedigim gibi bu hususta mevcut teskilatlarla da temasa gecmis degilimve vaktin darligi dolayisile dogruca zati Devletlerinize muracaata mecbur kaldim.
Padisahin tahta cikmasi veya bir devlet buyugunun bir makama gelmesi sairlerin kaside yazmalarinin sebeplerinden olmustur.
Although people in some areas said that they had not been counted, the chairman of the organising body, Sumaila Makama of the Nigerian National Population Commission (NPC), said: "There is nowhere in the world where you achieve 100% enumeration, but it is our aim to count all Nigerians, everybody who has made himself available to be counted.
Nikolaos Arnaoutis, Yousef Majdalawi, Rajbir Bassi, Fundi Makama, Amanda Jane Cockman, Azhar Mahmood, Charanjit Peter Singh Dharival, Joseph Kobina Nelson, Klara-Alexia Giakoubini, Tien Dung Nguyen, Gurprit Singh Gill, Chandrasekar Ramamurthy, Eric Ofosu Larbie.
Beatrice Makama, a counsellor, works with children who have been removed from their parents and with families who have experienced violence.
Population Fund (UNFPA) has given Nigeria $35 million for reproductive health, advocacy, population and development activities, National Population Commission Chairman Chief Samu'ila Danko Makama said this week after meeting with UNFPA Deputy Executive Director Kunio Waki.
Zira bu madde, kadinin evlenme yoluyla KKTC yurttasligini kazanmasi sureci icine hem kadinin "bir makama basvurmasi" hem de dogal olarak, bu makamin "olumlu bir karar vermesi" sartinin getirmektedir.
Bellshill's Tony McPake lost in three rounds of his lightweight contest against South Africa's Elvis Makama.
Thuli Makama, Swaziland's only public interest environmental attorney, won a landmark case to include environmental NGO representation in conservation decisions and continues to challenge the forced evictions and violence perpetrated against poverty-stricken communities living on the edges of conservation areas.