Maqama

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Maqama

 

a picaresque novella genre that arose in Arabic literature of the ninth and tenth centuries and later spread to Persian-Tadzhik and Hebrew literatures. The central figure of a maqama tale was usually a wandering unsuccessful man of letters, earning his living through his poetical skill and erudition. The narrative interest of the maqama is based on the hero’s somewhat rascally cunning, while his erudition and poetical skill provide the story’s learned content.

Maqama novellas were written in rhymed prose (saj) in accordance with carefully elaborated rules of form. They abounded in puns, complicated stylistic figures, quotations, and maxims, which often made them accessible only to a narrow circle of connoisseurs of belles-lettres. The most well-known practitioners of the maqama genre include Badi al-Zaman (969-1007), founder of the genre, and al-Hariri (1054-1122), both Arabs; in Iranian literature, Khamid al-Din Balkhi (died 1164); and in Hebrew literature, Judah Ben Solomon al-Harizi (1165-1225). The maqama is sometimes considered the direct predecessor of the European picaresque novel.

In Arabic literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, an attempt was made to revive the maqama genre (for example, The Story of Isa ibn Hisham, 1907, by Muhammad Muwaylihi).

REFERENCES

Krymskii, A. E. Arabskaia poeziia v ocherkakh i obraztsakh. Moscow, 1906.
Krachkovskii, I. Iu. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1956.
Fil’shtinskii, I. M. Arabskaia klassicheskaia literqtura. Moscow, 1965.

I. M. FIL’SHTINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
He revealed that the 20 new cases came from four different locations within Bauchi metropolis the affected areas are Danmar A and B Isangaya school, Hardo within Kobi ward, Makama B at Nasarawa Jahun and Makama A Gwallaga.
Dunya Hayvan Sagligi Orgutu tarafindan hazirlanmis olan Sucul Hayvan Sagligi Mevzuatinda Erken Uyari Sistemi "Listelenmis bir hastalik suphesinin veya ortaya cikan bir hastalik durumunun veya bir su urunleri yetistirme tesisinde veya dogal ortamdaki su canlilarinda aciklanamayan mortalitenin hizli taninmasinin saglanmasi, ve en kisa surede Sucul Hayvan Sagligi Hizmetleri tarafindan teshis arastirmasi yapilmasi amaciyla olayin yetkili makama hizli bir sekilde iletilmesi icin kurulan etkin bir sistem anlamina gelir" (OIE, 2010) seklinde ifade edilmistir.
31) See the illuminating example of a local politician during an electoral campaign in Makama Bawa (2015).
Ote yandan, bu istikrarin disisleri bakanligina, makama Ahmet Davutoglu'nun gelisine dek pek de yansimadigini gormekteyiz: Kasim 2002-2009 arasinda kurulan hukumetlerde, yedi yilda uc farkli disisleri bakani gorev almistir (Yasar Yakis, Abdullah Gul, Ali Babacan).
8] Cam tavan sendromu kadin calisanlarin hak ettikleri makama ulasamamalari, karar verici pozisyonlarda yer alamamalari olarak bilinmektedir.
Lauding the efforts employed by Dala Farms, Dangote Group and Makama Farms towards development of the farmers in the country, Minister Adeshina said the farmers undertaking cotton cultivation this year would be able to sell their produce, as there are reports of floods devastating cotton farm lands in some other nations.
Gauteng chairperson of Scopa Sipho Makama said that the four central academic hospitals should be independent, instead of run by the provincial health department.
Similar proportionality was observed for TEB and CEC of the soils (Adetunji, 1991; Akanmu and Shridha, 2002; Tekwa and Makama, 2008).
S Sharif, P Okoth, J Kioko, C Nzioka, P Muthoka, M Ope, S Makama, R Kalani, Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation; W Ochieng, J Simwa, Kenya Medical Research Institute; D Schnabel, W Bulimo, R Achilla, US Army Medical Research Unit (Kenya); J Onsongo, Kenya Country Office, World Health Organization; K Njenga, R Breiman, A Kearney, A Sick, R Harris, E Lebo, P Munyua, L Wakhule, L WaibociMuhia, S Gikundi, S Gikunju, V Omballa, L Nderitu, L Mayieka, W Kabura, S Omulo, D Odhiambo, C Wachira, G Kikwai, D Feikin, M Katz, Influenza Program and International Emerging Infections Program, Global Disease Detection Center, CDC-Kenya.
77-95; Hassane, Moulaye, Marthe Diarra et Oumarou Makama, "Etude sur les Pratiques de l'Islam au Niger," Niamey: Republique du Niger, Ministere de l'Interieur et de la Decentralization, Direction des Affairs Coutumieres et Religieuses, and DANIDA: Bureau de Cooperation Danoise-Niger, Unpublished document, 2006; and Leonardo A.
Simdiye kadar baska makama muracaat etmedigim gibi bu hususta mevcut teskilatlarla da temasa gecmis degilimve vaktin darligi dolayisile dogruca zati Devletlerinize muracaata mecbur kaldim.