The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(pen name of Makhmud Magomedov). Born circa 1870, in the village of Kakhabroso, present-day Untsukul’ Raion; died in 1919, in the village of Igali, present-day Gumbetovskii Raion, Dagestan ASSR. Avar poet.

Makhmud fought in World War I (1914-18). After his return home, he joined the Bolsheviks, He was felled by a White Guard bullet.

Makhmud’s literary mentor was Tazhutdin from Batlaich (Chanka). All of Makhmud’s works contain the image of his beloved Muia, a girl from an aristocratic family whom he can only dream of marrying. Makhmud also exposes the customs that suppress the rights of mountain women to freedom. The poem Mariam, addressed to his beloved, is the crowning achievement of his love lyrics.


Roqul asaral Makhachkala, 1948.
Makhlmud: Khahlab rosola. Makhachkala, 1956.
In Russian translation:
Pesni liubvi. [Translated and with an introductory article by S. Lipkin.] Moscow, 1959.


Magomedov, B. “Makhmud.” In Ocherki avarskoi dorevoliutsionnoi literatury. Makhachkala, 1961.
Tsladasa, Khl. Khahlab rosola Makhlmudil khlakalul Makhachkala, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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