Nestor Makhno

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Makhno, Nestor Ivanovich


Born Oct. 17 (29), 1889, in Guliaipole, now in Zaporozh’e Oblast; died July 6, 1934, in Paris. One of the leaders of petit bourgeois counterrevolution in the Ukraine from 1918 to 1921 during the Civil War. Son of a peasant.

Makhno graduated from a parochial school. During the Revolution of 1905-07 he joined an anarchist group and took part in terrorist actions and “expropriations.” In 1909 he was sentenced to death for killing a police official, but the sentence was reduced to ten years of hard labor, because he was still a minor. He served his sentence in Butyrskaia Prison in Moscow, where he became a convinced anarchist. Set free by the February Revolution of 1917, he went to Guliaipole and in April 1918 organized an anarchist armed detachment. This unit began guerrilla warfare against the Austro-German occupiers and the hetman’s authorities and won great popularity among the peasantry.

Makhno was noted for his cruelty, despite his personal bravery. In 1919 and 1920 he fought against the White Guards and the followers of Petliura as well as against the Red Army. Three times he made an alliance with Soviet power, and three times he violated his agreements and rose in rebellion. In 1921 his units degenerated into nothing more than robbers and oppressors. On Aug. 26, 1921, he fled to Rumania, moving to Poland in 1922 and then to Paris in 1923, where he worked as a cobbler and printer. He wrote two volumes of memoirs that were filled with hatred toward Soviet power.

References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, the history of the Russian Civil War itself provides an interesting case of an anarchist movement that built a highly effective military and political organization in the Ukraine: the Makhnovshchina, a movement organized and led by the Ukrainian anarchist Nestor Makhno (1889-1935).
It is perhaps an irony of history that, in today's France, the keenest interest in the Russian Revolution can be found in libertarian circles, beginning with the rediscovery of the anarchist Nestor Makhno.
Amongst the authors cited we note Makhno, Trotsky, Sebastien Faure, Big Bill Haywood and many pamphlets from various workers' groups.
Rewakowicz stresses the relevance of this by quoting one of Makhno's poems, and analyzing Makhno together with Vadym Lesych and other Ukrainian writers who wrote about New York City.
Eikhenbaum), an influential historian of anarchism and adviser to Nestor Makhno.
Abad, Poet, professor emeritus of literature and creative writing (Philippines)• Vasyl Makhno, Poet (Ukraine/USA)• Vincent O'Sullivan, Poet (New Zealand)• Joy Harjo, Poet and musician (Mvskoke Nation, USA)• Gioconda Belli, Poet and novelist (Nicaragua)• Francisco de Asis Fernandez, Poet and President of the International Poetry Festival, Nicaragua (Nicaragua)• Gloria Gabuardi, Poet (Nicaragua)• Alexandra Buchler, Director of Literature Across Frontiers (Czech Republic/UK)• Nora Atalla, poete, romanciere et nouvelliste (Quebec, Canada)• Moya Cannon, Poet (Irland)• Michele Blanchet, poete de Quebec (Canada)• Nyein Way, Poet, Performance artist and educator (Myanmar)• Max.
Judge YEVGENY MAKHNO resigned after a video become an internet sensation because it showed him nodding off in his chair during a trial in Blagoveshchensk, eastern Russia.
Yevgeny Makhno stepped down this week after a video of him sleeping during a fraud trial last summer went viral, the Daily Mail reported.
The long revolution will soon make its mark on reality, tossing its unknown or nameless authors pell-mell into the ranks of Sade, Fourier, Babeuf, Marx, Lacenaire, Stirner, Lautreamont, Lehautier, Vaillant, Henry, Villa, Zapata, Makhno, of the Communards, the insurrectionaries of Hamburg and Kiel, Kronstadt and Asturias--in short, of all those precursors who have not yet played their last cards in a game that we have only just joined: the great gamble on freedom.
Habia incluso campesinos ucranianos prisioneros del ex ejercito anarquista de Makhno y algunos prisioneros del ejercito blanco de Denikin15.
The author traces the tragic circumstances of the two families during the periods of Revolution, Civil War, the Nestor Makhno terror, typhus epidemic, famine and in the end emigration for some and exile for other members of his extended families.
The emphasis is on the political and military vicissitudes the movement underwent and on the motivations and thought processes of the Makhnovists shifting alliances and strategies and therefore treats the life of Nestor Makhno in a relatively perfunctory fashion.