Makhtumkuli

Makhtumkuli

 

(pseudonym, Fragi). Date of birth and death unknown. Turkmen poet of the 18th century.

Makhtumkuli was the son of the poet Azadi. He studied in Shirgazi madrasa in the city of Khiva. He traveled a great deal and was well acquainted with the literature and folklore of Central Asia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. He was taken into captivity by the Iranians. Some of Makhtumkuli’s verses are addressed to a brother who had disappeared (probably also taken captive); in these poems, the personal suffering of the poet is fused with the tragedy of his people ravaged by the enemy. More than 10,000 lines of his poems have come down to us; at times pessimistic and religious notes are discernible in his work.

Makhtumkuli’s civic poetry contains several strains: a condemnation of intertribal discord; a call to ponder the struggle for existence conducted by those who have been deprived of earthly blessings; and denunciation of the reactionary clergy.

Makhtumkuli exerted an enormous influence on the development of Turkmenian poetry. His poetry is organically connected with folk poetry. Makhtumkuli altered the Turkmenian poetic language, bringing it closer to the popular speech and replacing the aruz with the popular syllabic system.

WORKS

Saylanan ëserler, vols. 1-2. Ashkhabad, 1959.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. stikhotvoreniia, Moscow, 1941.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1960.

REFERENCES

Makhtumkuli: lubileinyi sbornik, posviashchennyi 225-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia velikogo turkmenskogo poeta, Ashkhabad, 1961.
Sosonkin, I. L. Iz istorii esteticheskoi mysli v Turkmenistan. Ashkhabad, 1969.
Kor-Ogly, Kh. Turkmenskaia literatura. Moscow, 1972.
Karryev, B. A. Magtïmgulï ve onïng vatanchïlïgï. Ashkhabad, 1943.
Karryev, B. A. “Magtïmgulï ve khalk döredijiligi.” Izv. Turkm. filiala AN SSSR, 1950, no. 4.
Magtïmgulï: Shakhïrnïng ömrüne ve döredijiligine degishli makalar yigind’isi. Ashkhabad, 1960.
Gïlïchdurdïev, A. Magtïmgulïnïng ëstetiki garayïshlarï ve khëzirki zaman. Ashkhabad, 1967.
Charïev, G. O. Magtïmgulï-akïldar. Ashkhabad, 1971.
Abramova, F. Sh. Makhtumkuli (Fragi), 225 let so dnia rozhdeniia: Ukazatel’ literatury. Ashkhabad, 1959.

B. A. KARRYEV

References in periodicals archive ?
On the 2nd of September 2019, the first video bridge between the General Education School named after Makhtumkuli Fraghi situated in the Funtovo village of the Privolzhskiy district of the Astrakhan region and the Joint Turkmen-Russian General Education School named after A.S.Pushkin situated in Ashgabat was performed.
The round table was attended by heads and representatives of several ministries and departments of Turkmenistan, including the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Population, the Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Turkmenistan, the State Committee for Statistics of Turkmenistan, the State Committee for Television, Radio Broadcasting and Cinematography, Institute of State, Law and Democracy of Turkmenistan, Women's Union, Makhtumkuli Youth Organization, National Society Red Crescent Society of Turkmenistan.
Cooperation Agreements between the Makhtumkuli Turkmen State University and Seoul National University, as well as between the Turkmen State Institute of Culture and the Korean National University of the Arts
Wonderful collections of poems from the famous Kazakh poet were successfully published in Turkey (two books for which were awarded with the prestigious Medal of Makhtumkuli), Azerbaijan and Russia.
The Prime Minister used the words of Turkmenistans national poet, Makhtumkuli Faragi, to describe the long-lasting friendship: "Tribes are like brothers, like family, like true friends.
Whoever lives will soon in graves have lain; Says Makhtumkuli death devours all sins.
Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov at a government meeting has signed a decree on amnesty of prisoners in honor of the Day of Revival, Unity and Poetry of Makhtumkuli Fraghi, the press service of the Turkmen leader said.
Niyazov has the Makhtumkuli International Prize for achieving the aim of Makhtumkuli, the great Turkmen poet and thinker: the establishment of an independent state of Turkmenistan.
1081, are located on Makhtumkuli Street in Yashnabad district.
At present the shipbuilding and repair plant "Balkan" reconstruct three vessels - two dry cargo ships "Turkmenistan" and "Makhtumkuli" and the oil tanker "Bitarap", said the Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Mammethan Chakyev.
18) Day of workers of culture and art, and also poetry of Makhtumkuli Fragi - 27 June
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev approved a project for construction of a transport interchange at the intersection of Makhtumkuli and Akhangaran streets.