Maksimov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maksimov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich

 

Born Feb. 4 (16), 1874, in St. Petersburg; died Dec. 4, 1928, in Chicago. Russian histologist.

Maksimov graduated from the Military Medical Academy in St. Petersburg in 1896. He was a professor there from 1903 to 1922. Beginning in 1922 he lived and worked in Chicago. In a monograph on artificially induced aseptic inflammation (1902), Maksimov described the cellular forms of connective tissue, showed their role in inflammation, and indicated the sources and role of free macrophages, which he called polyblasts. In a number of other works he described hematopoiesis in amphibians and the development of blood elements in mammalian and shark embryos. Maksimov developed a theory of blood histogenesis, studied the structure of the placenta, and improved a method of tissue culture.

WORKS

Osnovy gistologii. 3rd ed., parts 1-2. Leningrad, 1925.

REFERENCE

Khlopin, N. G. “Professor A. A. Maksimov.” Russkii arkhiv anatomii, gistologii i embriologii, 1929, vol. 8, no. 1.

Maksimov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich

 

Born Aug. 4 (16), 1891, in the village of Nizhneuvel’skii (present-day Troitskii Raion, Cheliabinsk Oblast). Soviet philosopher. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1943). Member of the CPSU since 1918.

Maksimov graduated from the physics and mathematics department of the University of Kazan in 1916. In 1922 he began to teach philosophy. Since 1929 he has been a professor at the Institute of the Red Professors, Moscow State University, and the Communist Academy. From 1944 to 1949, Maksimov was a member of the philosophy department at Moscow State University. His major work has focused on problems of the history of science and philosophical issues of the natural sciences. Maksimov edited translations of the works of G. Hegel, E. Haeckel, R. Mayer, and M. Faraday. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.

WORKS

Lenin i estestvoznanie. Moscow, 1933.
Pro nimets’ku naturfilosofiiu. Kiev, 1936.
Dialektychnyi materializm i pryrodoznavstvo. Kiev, 1941.
Vvedenie v sovremennoe uchenie o materii i dvizhenii. Moscow, 1941.
Ocherki po istorii bor’by za materializm v russkom estestvoznanii. Moscow, 1947.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.