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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(plural makatib, Arabic word meaning “place where writing is taught”), a Muslim primary school. Makatib arose as schools attached to mosques in Arab countries in the seventh and eighth centuries. As Islam became more firmly established and Muslim missionary activity intensified, makatib spread to many Near Eastern countries, Middle Asia, the Volga region, and other parts of prerevolutionary Russia where Muslims predominated. The schools were generally supported by the local population and enrolled mainly boys (makatib for girls were uncommon). The teachers were usually mullahs, and the basic subjects were the Arabic alphabet and Koranic texts. In the modern maktab, also called kuttab, the Arabic language and literature, arithmetic, and other secular disciplines are taught. Many makatib have been reorganized into general primary schools in which the Koran is only one of several subjects studied.

In a number of Muslim countries makatib for girls have been organized, in which the pupils are taught by women teachers. Graduates of these schools may enroll in general primary or secondary schools or the madrasa.

Among the Turkic-speaking peoples living in the USSR, maktab is the name of a general secondary school.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Non-formal education institutions have already been established at 'Pak Maktab' at Social Welfare Complex.
Dr Jeyaindran's wife Datin Seri Sunita Rajakumar, 51, said her husband had a heart attack at about 1am at their home in Jalan Maktab here.
Elaborating, he said Mina Locator App helps identifying user's residence and Mina Maktab, the route to different camps (Maktabs), train stations, mosques, hospitals and other important locations in Mina with the reference of his or her current location.
According to Ministry of Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony and Hajj Group Organisers Association of Pakistan (HOAP) sources, various Apps have been developed to help pilgrims' registering complaints, identifying residences, maktab, route to different camps, locating train stations, mosques, hospitals and other important locations during the Hajj.
Talking to APP, he said the details of Hajj flights would be available on ministry's website immediately after the announcement, besides informing about their flight schedule, buildings, Maktab number and other relevant details through SMS and letters.
The intending pilgrims would be informed about their flight schedule, building, Maktab number and other relevant details through SMS and letters.
In addition to this he established Maktab, Begum Ayesha Ibtedaye Madrassa and school.
A spokesman of Education Department told that the amount will be spent on standardization and provision of missing facilities in schools, up gradation of two hundred Maktab Schools to Primary Schools and restructuring of Independent Monitoring Unit in the province.
Meanwhile, Benj Abuat of the NCMF recalled that Saudi Hajj authorities disseminated to all Hajj centers an advisory 'that all valuable items, including money or cash, are strongly advised to be deposited for safekeeping in their respective Maktab or hotel management.'
The army men carried out an ambush operation against a group of terrorists that intended to prevail over the army positions near Maktab al-Emad near the town of al-Rastan, killing and wounding a number of terrorists.
-Clean drinking water and a proper cooling system would be provided in every Maktab at Mina.