malar

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malar

[′mā·lər]
(anatomy)
Of or pertaining to the cheek or to the zygomatic bone.
References in periodicals archive ?
While malar rash and fever were more common in ASLE (p=0.005 and p=0.044, respectively), no significant difference was found with regard to the other clinical features (Table 2).
In December 2014, the patient was admitted to the emergency department due to fever that had lasted for three days, associated with arthralgias in proximal interphalangeal joints and both wrists, discrete malar rash, and pain focused in the region of the left quadriceps, with slight muscle weakness as well as pain at the palpation of the mentioned zone.
Malar rash Fixed erythema (flat or raised) over malar (butterfly rash) eminences, tending to spare nasolabial folds 2.
The patient presented with dyspnea, cough, arthralgia, malar rash, and fine crackles heard on lung exam.
A subtle malar rash and diffuse, white ulcerative plaques were visualized on the buccal mucosa and palate.
The cSLE patients were found to present more frequently with malar rash (P = 0.001; odds ratio [OR], 0.624; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.470–0.829) but less frequently with arthritis (P < 0.001; OR, 2.013; 95% CI, 1.512–2.679) and serositis (P = 0.030; OR, 1.629; 95% CI, 1.053–2.520).
According to ACR criteria (2012), SLE can be diagnosed when at least four out of 11 criteria are observed: malar rash, discoid rash, photosensitivity, oral ulcer, arthritis that does not cause erosion, serositis, renal involvement (proteinuria), neurological (seizures, psychosis) involvement, hematological (leukopenia and lymphopenia) involvement, immunological involvement (anti-dsDNA and anti-Sm positivity), and positive ANA (2, 6).
Out of 8 patients with ACLE, 5 had malar rash alone, 1 patient had maculopapular lupus rash alone and 2 had both malar rash and maculopapular lupus rash.
In acute lupus erythematosus, there is a malar rash with mouth ulcers but there is no hyperhidrosis.
On examination the patient had a malar rash and oral mucosal ulceration.
SLE specific skin manifestations were as follows: malar rash was seen in 83 (71.6%) patients, photosensitivity in 61 (49.12%) patients, oral ulcers in 39 (31.35%), maculopapular rashes in 29 (23.46%), discoid rash in 26 (20.7%), subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) in 6 (5.18%) patients.