The Straits Colonies and Federated Malay States
had: longer and more extensive colonial involvement; externally oriented economies; higher levels of taxation income and more social services; as well as the greatest flows of migration from China and India.
The coastal and riverine Malay states
, whatever their hegemonic claims, are not the only prism through which conflict could or should be viewed.
All persons born in British territory of Singapore, Penang and Malacca (during the colonial period, Singapore, Penang and Malacca put directly under colonial government and the people automatically have British citizenship, meanwhile the remain states considered as Malaya) held British citizenship but Chinese born in the Malay states
(other than Singapore, Penang and Malacca) were not British subjects nor were they subjects of the Sultdn (head of the states).
During the late 19th century, many Malay states
obtained British help in settling their internal conflicts.
Marriage into the Malay community from other ethnic groups goes back centuries, but it may be correct to suggest that it was not until the rise of Departments of Religious Affairs and properly salaried religious officials in the Malay States
during British protection that the shariah rule on conversion of the non-Muslim partner was at all rigorously enforced.
A Cari-Malaysia webforum thread entitled "The Loss of the Malay States
in Southern Thailand" ("Hilangnya Negri Negri Melayu di Selatan Thailand") carries a posting by a member named "Chumpon," claiming to represent PULO, who lists all fourteen southern provinces in southern Thailand, including and to the south of Chumpon province, as being "the property of (adalah milik) the "Malay Islamic Kingdom of Patani Darussalam.
From the 1870s the sultans of the small Malay states
began accepting British 'advisers', who were effectively rulers.
IN THE MALAY STATES
THERE ARE HATS LIKE PLATES WHICH THE BRITISHERS WON'T WEAR.
The largely ceremonial position is de facto rotated every five years between the nine Rulers of the Malay states
who form the Council of Rulers.
By 1900 Perak, Selangor, Pahang and Negeri Sembilan had accepted British Residents and were known collectively as the Federated Malay States
Several of the Malay states
were aggregated in 1896 to form the Federated Malay States
, commonly referred to as Malaya.
Malaysia consists of 11 Malay states
plus Sabah and Sarawak.