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(mä'ləyä`ləm), Dravidian language of India. See Dravidian languagesDravidian languages
, family of about 23 languages that appears to be unrelated to any other known language family. The Dravidian languages are spoken by more than 200 million people, living chiefly in S and central India and N Sri Lanka.
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the language of the Malayalis, spoken in Kerala in southwestern India by more than 20 million people (1970, estimate). Malayalam belongs to the southern group of Dravidian languages and is closely related to Tamil. It lacks the category of gender and does not distinguish the categories of person and number in the finite (personal) forms of the verb. A writing system dates from the late ninth and early tenth centuries. The first important work is the poem Ramacaritam (Biography of Rama, 13th century), and the first Malayalam grammar is the Sanskrit treatise Lilatilakam (14th century). There were two literary dialects in early classical Malayalam: the Sanskritized Manipravalam and the Tamilized Misra-bhasa. In the 16th century the differences between the two dialects disappeared and a uniform literary language developed in the works of T. Ezuttacchan. Modern spoken Malayalam, comprising 12 regional dialects and a number of caste dialects, differs from the literary language.


Malaialam-russkii slovar’: Sprilozheniem kratkogo ocherka grammatiki iazyka malaialam. Moscow, 1971.
Sekhar, A. C. Evolution of Malayalam. Poona, 1953.
Andrewskutty, A. P. Intensive Course of Malayalam. Trivandrum, 1972.


References in periodicals archive ?
The film is the story of Shakeela, one of the most famous actors from Malayalam cinema from the 1990s who rose to a spectacular amount of fame.
The first song of Malayalam movie 'Oru Adaar Love' became viral on the social media within few hours of its release because of Varrier's cute articulations and wink.
The very best South Asian shows and Bollywood Blockbuster movies will be available on Star channels including favourites India's Next Superstar on STAR Plus, the biggest Hindi Movie Blockbusters such as Kalaakandi starring Saif Ali Khan, Aiyaary starring Siddarth Malhotra and Baaghi 2 starring Tiger Shroff on STAR Gold, Super Singer 6 on STAR Vijay, and International super-hit format, Big Boss for the 1 st time on Malayalam Television on Asianet Middle East to name a few.
DD Malayalam (3), the first television station in the Malayalam language continued its monopoly until the 1990s when the Indian government opened its skies to private satellite channels.
The online course will include 20-hour training in Malayalam, 40-hours in Kerala culture and 50-hours in Malayalam literature.
Titles by many other Malayalam writers based in the UAE will also be released at the fair.
In 2007, the Kerala government honoured the director with the prestigious "JC Daniel Award," the highest film award in the state, for his contributions to the Malayalam film industry.
Writer Sainudeen Punnayoorkulam released a short-story collection in Malayalam, "Online Shreeja Vilikkunnu" (Shreeja Is Calling You Online).
YuppTV provides more than 15 Malayalam TV Channels including Surya, Asianet, Kairali, Jaihind, We, People, Shalom, Reporter, etc as Live and VODs for Malayalam expat communities across the world.
The Talent Nite will feature Christian devotionals and film songs - both in Malayalam, vocal Carnatic music, instrumental music, bharathanatyam, folk dance, cinematic dance, mono act and fancy dress.
PRITHVIRAJ Sukumaran may be a superstar in Malayalam movies, but he is learning the ropes in Bollywood just like a newcomer.
Songs composed and sang by M Jayachandran for Malayalam films will be the other attraction of the show.