Sun Bear

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Sun Bear

 

(Ursus, or Helarctos, malayanus), a mammal of the family Ursidae. The skull is short and broad, the canine teeth are small, and the cheek teeth are small and flattened. Body length, about 120-130 cm; height at the shoulders, 50-70 cm; weight, 60-80 kg. The fur is short, stiff, and black. The muzzle is yellowish, and there is a yellow breast mark in the shape of a horseshoe. The sun bear inhabits the valleys and mountain forests of South-east Asia (Indochina, the Malay Archipelago, possibly southern China). It feeds mainly on the shoots, rhizomes, and fruits of plants.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fredriksson (2007) reported that Malayan sun bears feed on more than 50 plant species and more than 100 species of insects in the Sugai Wain Protection Forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesian, and Borneo.
Ursus (Helarctos malayanus) the neglected Malayan sun bears.--Netherland Commission for Int.
Food habits of Malayan sun bears in Lowland tropical forest of Borneo.--Ursus 13: 127-136.
The Malayan sun bear Helarctos malayanus is one of the least known bear species in the world.
Food habits of Malayan sun bear are poorly documented, but relatively few studies had briefly described the general dietary pattern (Nowak 1991, Servheen 1993, MacKinnon et al.1996, Kanchanasakha et al.1998, Lim 1998, Yasuma and Andau 2000, Fredriksson 2007, Wong et al.
The food habits of Malayan sun bear were determined by analysing scat samples collected between August 2008 and November 2010.
The Malayan sun bear is also known as "honey bear" which refers to its voracious appetite for honey combs and honey (Meijaard 1999).