Malcolm III


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Related to Malcolm III: Duncan I, Malcolm IV

Malcolm III

(Malcolm Canmore), d. 1093, king of Scotland (1057–93), son of Duncan I; successor to MacbethMacbeth
, d. 1057, king of Scotland (1040–57). He succeeded his father as governor of the province of Moray c.1031 and was a military commander for Duncan I. In 1040 he killed Duncan in battle and seized the throne.
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 (d. 1057). It took him some years after Macbeth's death to regain the boundaries of his father's kingdom. About 1068, Edgar AthelingEdgar Atheling
[O.E. ætheling,=son of the king], 1060?–1125?, English prince, grandson of Edmund Ironside. After the death of King Harold at the battle of Hastings in 1066, Edgar was chosen king, but he submitted to William I in the same year.
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, pretender to the English throne, took refuge with Malcolm, who soon married Edgar's sister Margaret (see Margaret of Scotland, SaintMargaret of Scotland, Saint,
d. 1093, queen consort of Malcolm III and sister of Edgar Atheling. She was married to Malcolm c.1070. A deeply religious woman, she worked to replace the Celtic practices of the Scottish church with those of Rome.
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). On behalf of Edgar, Malcolm invaded N England, but in 1072 William IWilliam I
or William the Conqueror,
1027?–1087, king of England (1066–87). Earnest and resourceful, William was not only one of the greatest of English monarchs but a pivotal figure in European history as well.
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 of England invaded Scotland, and Malcolm made peace with him. In the reign of William IIWilliam II
or William Rufus
, d. 1100, king of England (1087–1100), son and successor of William I. He was called William Rufus or William the Red because of his ruddy complexion.
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, Edgar joined Malcolm in his raid into England in 1091, but William forced both men to submit and to do homage. Malcolm was killed at Alnwick on still another raid into England. His frequent wars insured the independence of his kingdom, which made possible the great ecclesiastical reorganization initiated by his wife, Margaret. Malcolm was succeeded briefly by his brother Donald Bane, but later four of Malcolm's sons were kings of Scotland—Duncan II (reigned 1093–94), Edgar (reigned 1097–1107), Alexander IAlexander I,
1078?–1124, king of Scotland (1107–24), son of Malcolm III and St. Margaret of Scotland. He succeeded his brother Edgar, who had divided the kingdom so that Alexander ruled only N of the Forth and Clyde rivers, while his brother David ruled in the south.
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, and David IDavid I,
1084–1153, king of Scotland (1124–53), youngest son of Malcolm III and St. Margaret of Scotland. During the reign of his brother Alexander I, whom he succeeded, David was earl of Cumbria, ruling S of the Clyde and Forth rivers.
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. Malcolm's daughter Edith (renamed Matilda) married Henry I of England, and another daughter was mother to the wife of King Stephen of England.

Malcolm III

died 1093, king of Scotland (1057--93). He became king after Macbeth
References in periodicals archive ?
Seeing Edgar as a valuable pawn in his ongoing feud with the Conqueror, Malcolm III of Scotland took him in and later sealed the alliance by marrying Edgar's older sister, Margaret.
There remains, however, a tiny Romanesque chapel, dating from around 1130, the simple, atmospheric,St Margaret's Chapel, built in honour of Malcolm III's English queen by her fourth son David I.
The Annals of Ulster, a rich source of information for events in medieval Scotland, note in laconic style under the year 1130, "a battle between the men of Scotland and the men of Moray, and in it four thousand of the men of Moray fell, including their king, Angus...."(2) One hundred years later, a gruesome scene was played out at Forfar, where an infant girl, the last member of a family that had opposed the Scottish kings for over fifty years, was killed by having her head smashed on the market cross.(3) These events frame a century during which the kings of Scots descended from Malcolm III "Canmore" and his second wife, Queen Margaret (both d.
Margaret was born in Hungary in 1045 and married Malcolm III of Scotland in 1067.
King Malcolm III established his base here in the mid-11th century after defeating Macbeth and the town has been the birthplace of seven kings, whose portraits all hang near the entrance to the pub.
| WHEN was Malcolm III of Scotland killed at Alnwick?
Given the prominence of the Dunbar earls in the development of the kingdom of the Scots across the critical era of state building directed by the line of kings descended from Malcolm III, it is sobering to reflect that this is the first modern academic study of this key political kindred.
David I was the sixth and youngest son of Malcolm III Canmore (Big Head) and his strong-minded wife Margaret, of the English royal house.
Margaret of Scotland was a Wessex princess, born in 1045, who married King Malcolm III of Scotland in 1070 and founded a Benedictine monastery in Dunfermline.
ALMOST a century after Malcolm III might have helped finance the building of the very first Kirk of St Nicholas in an attempt to atone for the murder of his rival, Macbeth, Malcolm's son, David I of Scotland was issuing a charter confirming the rights of Old Deer monastery to hold its lands free of tax.
The most notable saint in his family is Scotland's St Margaret, the wife of King Malcolm III.