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a genus of plants of the family Cruciferae. They are annual and, rarely, perennial herbs. The leaves are entire; the flowers, which are pink, violet, or rarely white, are gathered in a racemose inflorescence. The fruit is a linear, tetrahedral-cylindrical silique. There are approximately 30 species, distributed in the temperate zone of Eurasia and in North Africa. Seventeen species are found in the USSR; they grow, sometimes as weeds, on dry rocky slopes in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, the Altai, and Middle Asia. Some species, including Malcolmia africana and M. turkestanica, are used as fodder for sheep and goats.