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(ăl'əpē`shēə): see baldnessbaldness,
thinning or loss of hair as a result of illness, functional disorder, or hereditary disposition; also known as alopecia. Male pattern baldness, a genetic trait, is the most common cause of baldness among white males.
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(baldness), thinning or complete absence of hair in an isolated area or on the entire surface of the skin.

Alopecia is usually localized on the scalp and face; less frequently, it is localized in the armpits, the pubic region, or elsewhere. Congenital, premature, senile, and other forms of the disease exist. Symptomatic alopecia—the result of acute infections, nervous diseases, poisoning, endocrine disorders, fungal diseases, or secondary syphilis—is characterized by the temporary focal or diffuse loss of hair in any region of the body; the skin remains unaltered at the morbid site. Alopecia areata, a special type of baldness, is manifested by the sudden appearance of hairless foci that are round or oval and well defined. With the merging of these foci, complete baldness can occur; the skin is unchanged and subjective sensations are absent. Angioneurosis and endocrine disorders are the principal causes of alopecia areata.

Congenital alopecia is rarely encountered; the manifestation of a developmental disorder, it is usually noticed at birth or in the first months of life. Premature alopecia is observed most often in men 20 to 25 years of age. The condition is characterized by the gradual, progressive loss of hair from the scalp. The skin in such cases becomes thin, and its texture, silky. In women affected with premature alopecia, only a thinning of hair occurs. In both men and women, senile alopecia progresses in a manner similar to premature alopecia but sets in at a later age (55–60 years). Senile alopecia is a result of normal physiological aging.

Treatment of alopecia involves the administering of vitamins A, B1, and B6, of hormones, and furocoumarin preparations—peucedanin, Beroksan, Ammifurin—in combination with ultraviolet irradiation. Topical measures include physiotherapy, massage, and rubbing with tinctures of cayenne pepper.


Zalkind, E. S. Bolezni volos. [Leningrad] 1959.
Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvopo dermatovenerologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1964.



Loss of hair; baldness.


loss of hair, esp on the head; baldness
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists made the discovery after carrying out tests on scalp tissue from more than 22 men with male pattern baldness, also known as adrogenic alopecia (AGA).
However, she added that this only solves part of the puzzle: "It is important to note that while these two conditions share the same physiologic process, the gene we found for hereditary hypotrichosis does not explain the complex process of male pattern baldness.
Preliminary results of laboratory analyses for products from these companies intercepted on their way to the United States have identified counterfeit versions of the following prescription drugs: the cholesterol-lowering agents Lipitor (atorvastatin), Crestor (rosuvastatin), and Zetia (ezetimibe); the antihypertensives Diovan (valsartan) and Hyzaar (losartan-hydrochlorothiazide); Actonel (risedronate), a bisphosphonate for osteoporosis; Nexium (esomeprazole) for gastroesophageal reflux disease; Celebrex (celecoxib) for arthritis-related pain; Arimidex (anastrozole) for breast cancer; and Propecia (finasteride), for male pattern baldness.
We were a nasty breed and had no problem blaming Bill and Hillary Clinton for everything from the exploding federal deficit to male pattern baldness.
A THERE are two main drugs used to treat male pattern baldness.
is indicated for the treatment of male pattern hair loss on the vertex and anterior mid-scalp area.
And just how does Propecia turn male pattern baldness into a secret steroid blocker that's supposed to be even more dangerous than the hair- raising act of riding a sled down a hill on your back?
Clegg's hypothesis is supported by reports linking insulin resistance, increased recurrence of tumors, and lower survival in obese breast cancer patients with the male pattern of fat distribution.
Don Rickles' Challenge--one person cut their hair to mimic the style of someone suffering from severe male pattern baldness
Kimmel points out that there are nearly 40 health complications associated with steroid use, including heightened aggressive behavior, depression, altered menstruation, acne, male pattern baldness, enlarged heart, liver tumors, and suicide.
For ladies, it may block some of the female hormones, so they may experience symptoms such as male pattern baldness.
Celebrity hairdresser Paul Stafford said it was inevitable that at least one member of Westlife would fall victim to the male pattern baldness gene.