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(both: măl`əsīt), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the early 17th cent. they occupied the valley of the St. John River in New Brunswick, Canada. The French settlers in this area intermarried with the Malecite, thereby forming a close alliance with the indigenous people. Hence, during the colonial wars the Malecite supported the French against the English. They now live in New Brunswick, Quebec, and Maine. In 1990 there were about 1,700 Malecite in Canada and about 900 in the United States.


See J. F. Pratson, Land of the Four Directions (1970).

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(10) The sound may be heard on many of Mechling's Malecite recordings (housed at the Canadian Museum of Civilization) made at approximately the same time.
(15) The Mechling collection of Malecite songs housed in the Canadian Museum of Civilization, and the Allaire collection of Mi'kmaq songs housed in the Centre d'Etudes Acadiennes at the Universite de Moncton.
He also supplemented his data with expeditions to interview Indians and, speaking Malecite, was able to extend his studies beyond the average fieldworker, who was generally dependent on interpreters.