Summary: Chiari malformation
treatment has two approaches: traditional surgery, which includes cervical laminectomies and Chiari decompression surgery.
For the treatment of low-flow malformations
, sclerotherapy has evolved as a primary treatment modality (4, 5).
However, the largest study to date showed no significant difference in rates of major congenital malformations
for those with one or more prescriptions for atypical antipsychotics in the first trimester, compared with pregnancies with no first-trimester antipsychotic exposure.
Therefore, the rate of cavernous malformations
in own material was 0.2%.
Bateman, M.D., from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, and colleagues estimated the risks for major congenital malformations
associated with first-trimester exposure to ?-blockers using data from health registries in the five Nordic countries and the U.S.
Based on cellular analysis, Mulliken and Glowacki demonstrated that the broad spectrum of vascular anomalies consisted of two major categories: vascular tumors and vascular malformations
. (4) The infantile hemangioma is by far the most common vascular tumor, with an incidence estimated at 4-10% of all infants and children.
(AVMs) are congenital lesions which result from abnormal communication between arterial and venous vessels directly without an intervening capillary bed.
Summary: Study shows nearly one and one-half times as many babies exposed to lithium during the first trimester experienced major malformations
compared to the unexposed group
Vein of Galen malformations
: epidemiology, clinical presentations, management.
are mostly reported in congenital syndromes with multiple deformities such as coloboma, heart defects, atresia choanae, growth retardation, genital abnormalities, and ear abnormalities syndrome. Until the first case was reported by Michel et al.
Brain Arteriovenous Malformations
and Arteriovenous Fistulas (online access included)
The embryogenesis of these malformations