Malikshah on the Seljuq side and the caliph al-Mustarshid on the Abbasid side.
Seljuq-Abbasid matrimony was not always conducive to longevity; two casualties that spring to mind are Toghril Beg--who died very soon after his marriage, which had been vociferously opposed by the bride's father--and Malikshah, who died suddenly in his thirties during the ten-day moratorium he had given the caliph to quit Baghdad.
"King Malikshah, in a fit of anger, stripped the Grand Vizier of all his positions and discharged him."
"Twenty days later King Malikshah died, thus in less than two decades the empire collapsed," said Mr Abdrulrahman.
The none-too-compelling love story is easily overshadowed by political maneuverings as Sultan Malikshah
(Moritz Bleibtreu), Khayyam's admiring sponsor, copes with fanatical Muslims and Christian Crusaders.
after 503/1109), a second-generation student of Ibn Sina, worked with Umar al-Khayyam, Ibn Kushik, and al-Wasiti, from which we can deduce that he was part of the group of scholars whom Sultan Malikshah
around 467/1074 charged to develop the so-called Jalalian calendar.
And al-Khdzini left a few treatises from the period of the Saljuq sultan Malikshah I (r.
There is no evidence of his appearance in the scientific circle around Malikshah I headed by Khayyam, to which all historical matters about the scientific/astronomical activities of that period are connected.
Neither Alp Arslan, who soon departed for Central Asia (where he was killed), nor his son and heir, Malikshah
, did anything to follow up on the victory.
It should be noted that the "Turkish volley" would be better renamed the "mamluk burst" or perhaps "Sassanian shots." Taybugha and the anonymous author of Arab Archery (on whom see the following note) show that high-volume archery depended on a very fast succession of shots, a burst rather than volley; and this "shower shooting" (as Arab Archery calls it) was a mamluk, rather than general Turkish, specialty (Ayalon's examples date from the reigns of the Seljuq sultans Malikshah
and Muhammad, by which time the principal Seljuq soldiers were mamluks) of Persian - Sassanian - invention, as I discuss in "Mongol Society and Military."
Carole Hillenbrand ("The Saljuq-Isma ili Power Struggle") points out that, contrary to the popular view of the Saljuqs as dedicated upholders of Sunnism and of the Isma ilis as a constant threat to order and the true faith, the period of most intense conflict, marked by the greatest number of assassinations of political figures by Isma ilis, was a very short one, between 488/1095 and 493/1100, and peaking around 490/1097 - in other words, at that "moment of extreme disarray and weakness on the Saljuq side" which followed the removal and subsequent assassination of Nizam al-Mulk and the death of Malikshah
, during which Hasan-i Sabbah was consolidating his power in the western Saljuq domains.