Malingering


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Related to Malingering: Factitious disorder

Malingering

 

the feigning of sickness or certain disease symptoms. Malingering may be premeditated or pathological. Premeditated malingering is usually characterized by mercenary motives, including the obtaining of disability benefits or evasion of military service. Pathological malingering is brought on by a diseased state and is, in essence, a symptom of such diseases as hysteria.

Malingering should not be confused with autosuggestion, aggravation, or maiming. In cases of autosuggestion, an individual, usually a mentally disturbed person, is sincerely convinced that he has a severe somatic ailment, for example, cancer. Aggravation is an exaggeration of the symptoms of an existing disease. Maiming is an artificially produced injury or illness. Dissimulation is the premeditated suppression, concealment, or attenuation of a disease, for example, for the purpose of passing a medical upon applying for a job or for admission to an academic institution.

Under Soviet law, malingering is punishable criminally if it is used as a means of evading a regular call to active military service (art. 17 of the Law of Criminal Responsibility for State Crimes; art. 80 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR) or of evading the performance of military duties (art. 13 of the Law of Criminal Responsibility for Military Crimes; art. 249 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Dissimulation is not punishable criminally but may entail specific legal consequences, for example, being fired from work.

References in periodicals archive ?
All participants, patients with dementia, malingering simulators, and the healthy control groups provided their written informed consents to participate in the study, and the next of kin or legally authorized representative consented on behalf of the participants with dementia.
is a two-alternative forced choice procedure intended to identify when the results of cognitive and neuropsychological testing may be invalid because of malingering or other problematic response styles.
assessing CST, the authors state, "Malingering must always be
However, malingering is a real problem, especially because the number of psychiatric hospital beds have dwindled to record lows, thereby overcrowding EDs.
A psicometric study of stereotypes: Assessment of malingering in a criminal forensic group.
In other words, the epidemic is a product of malingering, a conscious deception of others with the goal of obtaining a pension or other forms of secondary gain.
Although the incidence of malingering differs across settings, the base rate of occurrence is considerable (6).
For example, in a review of 11 studies Larrabee (2003) found reported prevalence of symptom exaggeration between 15% and 64%; whilst Chafetz (2008) found prevalence of symptom exaggeration between 46% and 60% in disability claimants; and Ardolf (2007) found probable or definite malingering in 54% of 105 criminal defendants referred for a neuropsychological assessment.
HIW said a diagnosis of malingering needed to be supported by "a substantial evidential base" which was not apparent.
Malingering is intentional and voluntary deception for external incentive--secondary gain--through fabrication or gross exaggeration of medical or psychiatric symptoms (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013).
Yet surely in that twenty-five percent of malingering bureaucrats, there is a majority that is only exploiting the system because they have been taught that it can be done?
The State's experts agreed Panetti was mentally ill, but his behavior was attributed to malingering. After hearing the evidence, the district court found that Panetti's delusional belief system prevented him from rationally appreciating the connection between his crimes and his execution.