Malkhasiants, Stefan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Malkhasiants, Stefan Sarkisovich


Born Oct. 25 (Nov. 6), 1857, in Akhaltsikhe, present-day Akhaltsikhe Raion, Georgian SSR; died July 21,1947, in Yerevan. Soviet philologist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR (1943).

Malkhasiants graduated from St. Petersburg University in 1889. He published historical linguistic and textual studies of the works of the ancient Armenian historians Pavstos Buzand (fifth century), Movses Khorenatsi (late fifth-early sixth centuries), and Sebeos (seventh century). As a linguist, Malkhasiants is known for his works on the grammar and syntax of Old Armenian and for a series of articles on the structural development of the Armenian language. He compiled the four-volume Explanatory Dictionary of the Armenian Language (1944-45; State Prize of the USSR, 1946), which comprises the vocabulary of the Old, Middle, and Modern Armenian literary languages, including dialects. Malkhasiants published a translation and critical edition of the texts of Movses Khorenatsi, Pavstos Buzand, the book The Use of Medicine by the Armenian physician Amirdovlat Amasnatsi (15th century), and the book Dzhambr by the historian Simeon Erevantsi (18th century).


Hayeren bats’atrakan barharan, vols. 1-4. Yerevan, 1944-45.
P’avstos Buzand, Hayots’ patmut’iun, t’argm., nerats. yev tsanot’ S. Malkhasiants’i. Yerevan, 1947.
Grabari hamadzaynut’iuně. Tbilisi, 1892.
Usumnasirut’iun P’avstos Buzandi patmut’ian. Vienna, 1896.
Sebeosipatmut’iuněyev M. Khorenats’i. Matenagrakan usumnasirut’iun. Tbilisi, 1899.
Grabari holovumě, khonarhumě yev nakhdirnerě, 2nd ed. Tbilisi, 1910.
Sebeosi episkoposi patmut’iwn. Baghdatut’eamb dzerhagrats’, arhajab. yev tsanot’. S. Malkhasiants’i, 4th ed. Yerevan, 1939.
Amirdovlat’ Amasiats’i, ogut bzhshkut’ian. Khmbagrut’iamb S. Malkhasiants’i. Yerevan, 1940.
Movses Khorenats’i, Patmut’iun hayots’, t’argm., nerats. yev tsanot’ S. Malkhasiants’i. Yerevan, 1968.


Garibian, A. “Krupneishii armianskii filolog: K 100-letiiu so dnia rozhdeniia S. S. Malkhasiantsa.” Kommunist, Dec. 26, 1957.
Aghaian, E. B. Hay lezvabanut’ian patmut’iun, vol. 2. Yerevan, 1962.
Step’an Sargsi Malkhasiants’: Bibliografia, nerats. E. Aghaiani. Yerevan, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.