Mallory-Weiss syndrome


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Mallory-Weiss syndrome

[′mla·ə·rē ′wīs ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
Painless vomiting of blood secondary to lacerations of the distal esophagus and esophagogastric junction, usually a result of prolonged violent vomiting, coughing, or hiccuping.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the most common reasons for UGIB include peptic ulcers, erosive esophagitis/gastritis/duodenitis, portal hypertensive gastropathy, angiodysplasia, esophagogastric varices, polyps, malignancy and Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Although uncommon, migration or erosion of foreign bodies, such as angiographic coils, must be kept in the differential for patients with this history.
Hwang et al., "Evaluation of endoscopic hemostasis in upper gastrointestinal bleeding related to Mallory-Weiss syndrome," Endoscopy, vol.
Distinctive aspects of peptic ulcer disease, Dieulafoy's lesion, and Mallory-Weiss syndrome in patients with advanced alcoholic liver disease or cirrhosis.
If the lesion includes all the layers of the esophagus, it is called Boerhaave's syndrome, whereas if it only includes the mucosal layer, it is called the Mallory-Weiss syndrome (7, 8).
The most common location (90%) of perforation is 1/3 distal of esophagus which is weaker than other parts [3,4] and in contrast with Mallory-Weiss syndrome in which the perforation is limited in mucosal layer, this syndrome is transumral and in 80% of cases, is associated with left pleura [5].
Polidocanol (Asclera; C), a sclerosing agent used to treat varicose veins in the lower extremity, has also been used during pregnancy for esophageal varices and for upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to Mallory-Weiss syndrome. In the fetus, polidocanol has been used for fetal intralobar bronchopulmonary sequestration and for congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung.
Meant to be accessible and affordable, the atlas covers endoscopy techniques and normal anatomy; esophageal webs, rings, and strictures; hernia and gastroesophageal reflux disease; motility disorders of the esophagus; portal hypertension; ulcers; tumors; gastrojejunostomy; corrosive injury; uncommon inflammatory lesions; Mallory-Weiss syndrome; Dieulafoy's lesion; gastric antral vascular ectasia; foreign bodies; tracheoesophageal fistula; and miscellaneous issues.
Ultrasonographic images of the abdomen indicated acute cholecystitis and hepatosplenomegaly; endoscopic examination of the upper digestive tract showed hyperplasia, hyperemia, and linear and pseudomembranous lacerations in the middle and distal thirds of the esophagus (Mallory-Weiss syndrome) and moderate erythema of the stomach.