Carcinoma of the esophagus (n=4) and Mallory-Weiss tear (n=4) were rare causes of UGIB (Table 1).
In this study, Mallory-Weiss tear was more commonly associated with NSAIDs rather than alcohol.
Gates Jr., "Mallory-Weiss tear: predisposing factors and predictors of a complicated course," American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol.
Sakata et al., "Endoscopic hemostasis with metallic hemoclips for iatrogenic Mallory-Weiss tear caused by endoscopic examination," Digestive Endoscopy, vol.
Intramural dissection and/or hemotoma can be considered an intermediate form of injury between a Mallory-Weiss tear and transmural perforation.
Regardless of the cause, complications are more serious than Mallory-Weiss tears or esophageal dissection and include mediastinitis, pneumonia, empyema and abscess formation.
The aetiology of SOH is not well understood, but it is thought to be clinically distinct from other oesophageal disorders such as Mallory-Weiss tears
and Boerhaave's syndrome .
are also a recognized cause of upper GI bleeding, but the blood loss is usually small and self-limiting.
When rushed to the emergency department during the emetic phase, CVS patients can present with blood in the vomitus due to prolapse gastropathy or Mallory-Weiss tears
resulting from forceful heaves, erosive esophagitis, and aspiration.