Maloideae


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maloideae

 

(also Pomoideae or Pyroideae), a subfamily of trees and shrubs of the family Rosaceae. The calyxes, petals, and stamens are concresced at the base into a fleshy floral tubule. The gynoecium usually consists of two to five carpels that are concresced with the floral tubule to form the ovary, which is transformed into a fleshy, juicy fruit—the pome. There are about 25 genera, distributed mainly in the northern hemisphere. The Maloideae include the genera Pyrus (pear), Malus (apple), Cydonia (quince), Sorbus (mountain ash), and Eriobotrya (loquat). Sometimes the Maloideae are designated as the independent family Malaceae.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Different taxonomic classifications of the family has been proposed based upon morphology, whilst Schulze-Menz (1964) suggested a new family classification into subfamilies: Maloideae, Amygdaloideae, Rosoideae y Spiraeoideae based on chromosome number and fruit type (LONGHI, et al.
Quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) belongs to the Maloideae subfamily of the Rosaceae family, which includes apples and pears, all of them commercially important fruits.
Table 2: Relative enzyme activity in fruits of some Maloideae. No Plant species Enzymes relative activity, % Gala3T Glu3T Ara3T Xyl3T 1 Aronia michurinii 59.9 2.2 33.2 2.7 2 Crataegus chlorosarca 28.4 52.4 8.1 <0.1 3 Crataegus pentagyna 61.2 31.5 2.1 1.4 4 Sorbocotoneaster 93.7 1.1 3.2 <0.1 5 Amelanchier sp.
among some fern groups (Kato & Setoguchi, 1999) or in the Maloideae (Phipps et al., 1991).
Perfect syncarpy in apple (Malus x domestica 'Summerland McIntosh') and its implications for pollination, seed distribution and fruit production (Rosaceae: Maloideae).
Effects of pollen and resources on seed number and other fitness components in Amelanchier arborea (Rosaceae: Maloideae).
The genus Crataegus belongs to the subfamily Maloideae in the Rosaceae family and it is estimated that they include 150 to 1200 species [8].
Topodeme differentiation in Ontario taxa of Crataegus (Rosaceae: Maloideae): Leaf morphometric evidence.
Phylogenetic insights into the Maloideae (Rosaceae) from chloroplast DNA.