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Instead, recent scholarship acknowledges that traditional medicine persisted in mechanist practice and that Malpighi can no longer be considered as an unadulterated mechanist physician; his medicine is indebted to traditional medicine and his understanding of physiological processes is rooted in chemistry.
Malpighi, membro dell'Accademia del Cimento e galileiano di spirito, gia professore a Pisa e a Bologna, dopo aver lottato tutta la vita contro i sostenitori della medicina tradizionale, con la forza della stima ottenuta dalla Royal Society di Londra, che dal 1669 pubblicava le sue opere, nella Risposta riassume il percorso di un secolo importante per la ricerca medica, sostenendo il valore della teoria, ovvero, in termini galileiani, delle "necessarie dimostrazioni" che devono accompagnare le "sensate esperienze" (OG V 313).
Ello indica que el aumento del diametro del corpusculo de Malpighi de las cabras tratadas se debio al ensanchamiento del espacio de Bowman.
Malpighi, who is described as the founder of histology, served as physician to Pope Innocent XII and was famous for his investigations of the embryology of the chick and the histology and physiology of the glands and viscera.
Orsola Malpighi, Bologna, Italy; * address correspondence to this author at: Department of Chemical Pathology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Room 38023, 1/F Clinical Sciences Building, Prince of Wales Hospital, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China; fax 852-2194-6171, e-mail loym@cuhk.
Ovists, including Marcello Malpighi and Jan Swammerdam, argued that a miniature human was housed within each female egg (then recently described by William Harvey); spermists such as Antoni van Leeuwenhoek and Nicolas Hartsoeker argued that each sperm contained little people, or homunculi.