papaya

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papaya

(pəpī`ə), soft-stemmed tree (Carica papaya) of tropical America resembling a palm with a crown of palmately lobed leaves. It is cultivated for its melonlike yellow fruits eaten raw or cooked and, more recently, for the juice which has become a commercial item. The juice contains the enzyme papain, somewhat similar to pepsin and digestant in action; the enzyme is used in commercial meat tenderizers. The papaya is also called melon tree and pawpaw. In the Caribbean area the fruit is called fruta bomba. Several other Andean species, as well as the genus Jacartia, also have edible fruits. The papaya is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Violales, family Caricaceae.
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papaya

papaya

Grows up to 30ft (10m) High in vitamin A, B, C, carotenoids, fiber, phytochemicals, phenols, enzymes and anti-fungals. Ripe fruit can be eaten with skin and seeds. Unripe fruit is usually cooked. Young leaves also edible and used against malaria. Seeds are anti-parasite and can be ground and used like black pepper. Fruit is high in papain, a proteindigesting enzyme. Green papayas used in some parts of the world as a contraceptive and abortive if eaten in large amounts. Seeds even used for male contraception. Reduces effects of progesterone. Papaya juice used for cancer therapy. Papayas are used for E. Coli, Staph, Salmonella and other infections, both bacterial and viral. Great for digestion, indigestion, gas, heartburn, helps digest food. A great desert simply cut open, squeeze lemon on top, spoon fresh out of skin.

Papaya

 

(Carica papaya), a fruit tree of the family Papayaceae (Caricaceae). Five to seven large fingerlike leaves on long stems are attached in bunches at the top of a short (4-8 m) branchless trunk. The dioecious blossoms are yellowish white. The stamens are in the racemes, and the pistils, which grow singly, are in the axil. The flowers are either diclinous or hermaphroditic. Although the papaya grows rapidly without special soils, its life span is short and it cannot survive frost. The papaya is cultivated in the tropics; a wild counterpart is not known. Its fruit, which resembles a melon, is used for food, and its milky juice is used to make the enzyme papain.

REFERENCE

Siniagin, I. I.Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.

S. K. CHEREPANOV

papaya

a Caribbean evergreen tree, Carica papaya, with a crown of large dissected leaves and large green hanging fruit: family Caricaceae
References in periodicals archive ?
Simposio do papaya brasileiro: tecnologia de producao e mercado para o mamao brasileiro.
Efeitos da giberelina e da secagem no condicionamento osmotico sobre a viabilidade e o vigor de sementes de mamao (Carica papaya L.
A quantificacao foi realizada por padronizacao externa com solucoes-padrao de diferentes concentracoes de: [beta]-caroteno, licopeno e [beta]-criptoxantina que foram isoladas de extratos concentrados de cenoura, tomate e mamao, respectivamente, por cromatografia de coluna aberta, de acordo com Rodriguez-Amaya (1999).
De acordo com a Agrianual (2007), a cultura do mamoeiro apresentou, em 2006, os seguintes custos e receitas por hectare na sua lavoura: no primeiro ano (formacao), o custo de producao para o mamao Havai irrigado foi de R$ 13.
Catalogo de germoplasma de mamao (Carica papaya Linn).
Nao pode comer fruta que tenha verme, como a goiaba e o milho, a noite, porque crescem no corpo; a folha do mamao verde e muito bom para cortar as vermes; o cha de quebra pedra bem forte, sem acucar e dar de manha cedo que e tira e queda pra tudo que e ruim (M4).
In the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela they call it lechosa; in Mexico, melon sapote or melon papaya; in Brazil, mamao.
President Duterte has sent two members of his Cabinet who are natives of Marawi-Abdullah Mamao, secretary for OFW and Muslim concerns, and Abulkhayer Alonto, chair of the Mindanao Development Authority-to look into the deteriorating situation and find means to ease the suffering of civilians, if not end the bloody impasse.
Epoca de colheita dos frutos e ocorrencia de dormencia em sementes de mamao (Carica papaya L.
2007), tomate (Kadam & Balasubramanian, 2011), mamao (Kandasamy et al.