Mamaev Kurgan

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Mamaev Kurgan

 

(Mamai Hill), an elevation in the central part of Volgograd (north of the Central Railroad Terminal).

Mamaev Kurgan dominates the city, and it was in this area that desperate fighting took place during the battle of Stalingrad of 1942-43. On Sept. 13, 1942, troops of the fascist German Sixth Army, having begun an assault on Stalingrad, struck in the direction of Mamaev Kurgan and the Central Terminal. After bitter fighting the enemy took both sites on September 14, but on September 16 units of the 13th Guards Infantry Division, commanded by Major General A. I. Rodimtsev, drove the enemy out of the center of the city and took Mamaev Kurgan by storm. Intense fighting continued about Mamaev Kurgan until September 27, when the enemy was able to occupy half of the hill.

During the mop-up of the surrounded fascist German forces in Stalingrad in January 1943, fighting for Mamaev Kurgan developed again, and control of the summit changed hands numerous times. On January 25, Mamaev Kurgan was taken by troops of the Sixty-second Army. On January 26 near Mamaev Kurgan troops of the Sixty-second Army (the 284th Infantry Division) advancing from the east met troops of the Twenty-first Army (52nd Guards Infantry Division) advancing from the northwest, thus splitting the surrounded enemy force into two parts, southern and northern.

A memorial ensemble in commemoration of the victory at Stalingrad was built from 1963 to 1967 on Mamaev Kurgan (the collective that created the memorial was directed by sculptor E. V. Vuchetich and architect Ia. B. BelopoPskii; Lenin Prize in 1970). In the center of the ensemble is the Motherland monument (52 m high). At the foot of the hill is the Stand to the Death monument, and beneath it are the ruins of two walls with relief compositions that develop the theme of heroic struggle. Behind the wall ruins are the Square of Heroes, with six sculptural groups that symbolize the courage and heroism of the defenders of the city, and the Square of Grief, with a sculptured depiction of a mother. Alongside is a hall of military glory.

References in periodicals archive ?
Adjacent to the stadium and rising above it, the memorial ensemble "Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" is a remarkable collection of statues strategically positioned along the climb up Mamayev Kurgan, the highest hill in the city, offering commanding views of the surrounding area and across the Volga.
Two fans, James Lockett and Billy Grant, were among the delegation yesterday in Mamayev Kurgan park, which commemorates those who died in the Second World War battle.
Two fans, James Lockett and Billy Grant, were among an official party who paid tribute in the city's Hall of Military Glory, in the heart of the Mamayev Kurgan memorial park commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad.
En 1981, escribio una carta al entonces secretario general del Partido Comunista de la Union Sovietica, Leonid Brezhnev, con la peticion de enterrarlo en el Memorial de la Batalla de Stalingrado, en el Mamayev Kurgan, y lo cumplieron.
Before leaving Volgograd for Moscow, we visited Mamayev Kurgan, the highest point in the city and the site of extremely bitter fighting and now the location of a memorial park that contains the incredible statue of the "Motherland." The statue is 170 feet high and is made * from a block of reinforced concrete.
Two fans, James Lockett and Billy Grant, were among the delegation in Mamayev Kurgan park, which commemorates those who died in the Second World War battle.
Passions will inevitably run high in the new arena, built at the foot of a hill where the Mamayev Kurgan war memorial complex, which includes The Motherland Calls, commemorates the sacrifice of Stalingraders.
Passions will inevitably run high in the brand-new arena, built at the foot of a hill where the Mamayev Kurgan war memorial complex, which includes The Motherland Calls, commemorates the sacrifice of Stalingraders.