References in periodicals archive ?
The first city to fire a Ramadan cannon was Cairo in the era of the Mamluks, specifically during the reign of Sultan Khashukdume (865/872 Hijri).
Predominantly of Turkic origin, the Mamluks were a caste of military slaves who from the mid 13th to early 16th century ruled over an empire that controlled Egypt, the Levant and what is now western Saudi Arabia: their first sultans were responsible for recapturing all territory in the area held by Christian crusaders.
The eighth chapter illustrates the establishment of the Mamluks who overthrew their former masters, the Ayyubids, and finally helped with the expulsion of the crusaders from the Levant once for all.
Among the topics are paid troops in the service of military orders during the 12th and 13th centuries, the early Mamluks and the end of the crusader presence in Syria 1250-91, maritime commerce in the Latin east as reflected in the import of ceramics, and aspects of crusade historiography and a new reading of the Nazareth sculpture.
Bauden, "The Recovery of Mamluk Chancery Documents in an Unsuspected Place," in The Mamluks in Egyptian and Syrian Politics and Society, ed.
1317), which condemns Christian slave traders, the Genoese in particular, and Segurano above all, for trafficking with the Mamluks.
This got the attention of the Mamluks from Egypt, who rode east across the Sinai and up the coast, violently repulsing Crusaders and Mongols alike until they ended up with Damascus, capturing and making it into a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate; the rest of Syria eventually followed.
He added that the fortress of Smar Jbeil resisted all guardianships and occupations from the Ottomans, Romans, Mamluks, Crusaders and Syrians.
The Mamluks seek breeding females to continue their bloodline since their women are sterile and Emily, along with other Earth women, has been chosen as a suitable host to the spawn that will result from the union of Mamluk and human.
Khanqa is a Persian word, which was the language of the Mamluks and the Egyptian elite at the time; it means a large mosque which includes a school for teaching Islamic jurisprudence and rooms for foreign students and teachers.
The story of Amir Taz mirrors the ambitions, rivalries, adventures and tragedies that mark the whole of Mamluk history (The Mamluks ruled Egypt from 1250 " 1517 AD).
The author describes how elite women gained power from their own wealth, from their control over others' property as administrators of religious endowments, and from their role in the kinship construction of the Mamluks.